Topic : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
2. Caste system and democracy are not mutually compatible in-principle; however, Indian politics has not only integrated these two, but made caste dissolution impossible. Elaborate. (250 words)
Reference: The wire
Why the question:
The article explains how Caste continues to be a consistent measurement of whom upper-caste MPs choose to interact and connect with online.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the system of Caste politics in India; discuss why caste dissolution is impossible in the country.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start by suggesting the fact that ideologically, caste and democracy differ from each other and cannot co-exist, because caste advocates fragmentation of society, whereas democracy stands for the unification of society.
Explain the following factors-
Caste is leased on inequality by birth. Democracy is based on principles of equality.
Caste advocates social exclusion and democracy advocates social inclusion. Caste provides wealth, power and status to specific groups but democracy provides equal chance to all categories irrespective of bias.
However, the peculiarity is that both caste system and democracy co-exist in Indian society.
It happens, because the way Indian system has evolved, caste influences politics and political system influences caste.
Explain the influence of political system on caste and vice-versa.
Conclude that Millions of Indians are getting (undue) respect, benefits and positions due to their castes. We pretend ourselves to be the victim of our caste when it hurts us, we shamelessly display our castes when it benefits us. Further, the system of affirmative action has institutionalized caste into legal and governance system of the country.