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Indus Water Treaty (IWT)

Topics Covered: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Indus Water Treaty (IWT):


Context:

India has refused a request by Pakistan to hold a meeting on issues around the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) at the Attari checkpost near the India-Pakistan border.

Background:

In March India had suggested a virtual conference but Pakistan had insisted on a physical meeting.

But, India said because of restrictions on movement in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, travelling to the border for a meeting isn’t advisable.

What are IWT meetings? When they are held?

The practice at the IWT meetings is that they are led by Indus Water Commissioners from both countries and a range of issues on construction of dams and hydropower projects concerning the Indus river system are discussed.

  • The last such meeting between the two countries was in October in Islamabad, and, as per the agreement in the Indus Water Treaty (IWT), a meeting was to be scheduled in India before March 31.

What’s the latest dispute?

Evolving a procedure to solve differences on technical aspects governing the construction of the Ratle run-of-the-river (RoR) project on the Chenab in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir.

  • India has called for the appointment of a ‘neutral’ party while Pakistan favours a Court of Arbitration to agree upon a final resolution on the design parameters of this hydropower project.

About the Indus Water Treaty:

It is a Water-Distribution Treaty, signed in Karachi on 1960, between India (Pm Jawaharlal Nehru) and Pakistan (President Ayub Khan), brokered by the World Bank .

  • Under the treaty, India has control over water flowing in the eastern rivers– Beas, Ravi and Sutlej.
  • Pakistan has control over the western rivers– Indus, Chenab and Jhelum.
  • As per the treaty, the water commissioners of Pakistan and India are required to meet twice a year and arrange technical visits to projects’ sites and critical river head works.
  • Both the sides share details of the water flow and the quantum of water being used under the treaty.
  • The treaty sets out a mechanism for cooperation and information exchange between the two countries regarding their use of the rivers.

indus_river

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Indus and its tributaries.
  2. When was Indus Water treaty signed?
  3. Who brokered the treaty?
  4. Highlights of the treaty?
  5. Functions of Permanent Indus Commission.
  6. Hydroelectric projects in News in this regard.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Indus Water Treaty.

Sources: the Hindu.