InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 1:
GS Paper 2:
GS Paper 3:
Facts for Prelims:
1. V. KAMATH COMMITTEE.
2. Business confidence index.
3. Loya Jirga.
4. Kavkaz 2020.
GS Paper : 1
Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
- Birth Anniversary- 2nd August.
- He was born on August 2, 1876, in Andhra Pradesh.
- He is also known as ‘Jhanda Venkaiah’.
Who was Pingali Venkayya?
Pingali Venkayya was a freedom fighter and the designer of the Indian National Tricolour. The national flag that we see today was based upon his design.
The evolution of Indian National Flag:
- Between 1918 and 1921, Venkayya raised the issue of having an own flag in every session of the Congress. Back then, he was working as a lecturer in the Andhra National College in Machilipatnam.
- He met the Mahatma once again in Vijayawada and showed him his publication with the various designs of the flag. Acknowledging the need for a national flag, Gandhi then asked Venkayya to design a fresh one at the national congress meeting in 1921.
- Initially, Venkayya came up with saffron and green colours, but it later evolved with a spinning wheel at the centre and a third colour-white. (LALA HANS RAJ SONDHI SUGGESTED ADDING A SPINNING WHEEL — SHOWING THE INDEPENDENT INDIANS WHO CAN SPIN THEIR OWN CLOTHING FROM LOCAL FIBRES.)
- The flag was officially adopted by the Indian National Congress in 1931.
- About Anglo Boer war.
- When was the flag designed by Venkayya was officially accepted by the Indian National Congress?
- Adoption of National Flag by the Constituent Assembly.
- Flag Code of India- overview.
- Manufacturer of the national flag in India.
Discuss the key provisions of Flag Code of India, 2002.
GS Paper : 2
Topics Covered: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Why in News?
33rd Foundation Day of TRIFED was observed on 6th August 2020.
It is the national level cooperative body mandated to bring about socio-economic development of tribals of the country by institutionalising the trade of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) & Surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP) collected/cultivated by them.
- It was established in 1987.
- It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
- It plays the dual role of both a market developer and a service provider, empowering the tribals with knowledge and tools to better their operations in a systematic, scientific manner and also assist them in developing their marketing approach.
- It is involved actively in capacity building of the tribal people through sensitization and the formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs).
- The organisation also assists them in exploring and creating opportunities to market the developed products in national and international markets on a sustainable basis.
Recent initiatives by TRIFED:
- Launched Van Dhan Samajik Doori Jagrookta Abhiyaan, which is aimed at educating Tribals engaged in gathering NTFPs in forest areas, on covid-19 response, key preventive behaviour like social distancing, home quarantine, hygiene tips.
- Initiated steps to provide the Van Dhan Self Help Groups (SHGs) with protective masks and hygiene products (Soaps, Disinfectants, etc.) that are necessary for carrying out their operations in a safe manner.
- Focus on revamping the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for MFP to enhance tribal livelihood in these testing times and to ensure that they get the benefit of an equitable market price for their produce.
- TRIFOOD Scheme is a joint initiative of Ministry of Food Processing Industry, Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.
- Tech for Tribals, an initiative of TRIFED supported by Ministry of MSME, aims at capacity building and imparting entrepreneurship skills to tribal forest produce gatherers enrolled under the Pradhan Mantri VanDhan Yojana(PMVDY).
- Tech for Tribals- aims and objectives.
- About Pradhan Mantri VanDhan Yojana(PMVDY).
- TRIFOOD scheme.
- MSP for MFP scheme.
- Van Dhan Samajik Doori Jagrookta Abhiyaan- objectives.
- About TRIFED.
Topics Covered: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra was inaugurated recently.
What is it?
A tribute to Mahatma Gandhi, the Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra (RSK) was first announced by the Prime Minister on 10th April 2017, on the occasion of the centenary celebrations of Gandhiji’s Champaran Satyagraha.
- It is an interactive experience centre on the Swachh Bharat Mission.
- The installations at RSK will include audio visual immersive shows, interactive LED panels, hologram boxes, interactive games etc.
Roles and functions of RSK:
- It will introduce future generations to its successful journey as the world’s largest behaviour change campaign.
- It will showcase the core elements of the mission and anecdotes on the journey of the country from Satyagraha to Swachchagrah.
- It will impart information, awareness and education on Swachhata (sanitation) and related aspects.
- About Swachh Bharat Mission and its objectives.
- Targets achieved under SBM- Urban.
- About Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra.
- ODF status of various states and UTs.
Discuss the objectives and significance of Swachh Bharat Mission.
Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
The Supreme Court has refused to pass any order on the Centre’s plea seeking closure of cases against two Italian marines, who are facing charges of killing two Indian fishermen in February 2012.
What has the Court said?
- The court said it would not pass any order without hearing the victims’ families who should be given adequate compensation.
- The Court insisted that it will close their criminal trial in India only after the victims’ families are heard and paid a “hefty” and “adequate” compensation.
On July 3, the Centre moved the top court seeking closure of judicial proceedings in India against the two Italian marines, arguing that it has accepted the recent ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) at the Hague, which held that India is entitled to get compensation in the case but can’t prosecute the marines due to official immunity enjoyed by them.
What had the tribunal held?
In a close 3:2 vote, the tribunal ruled that the Italian marines enjoyed diplomatic immunity as Italian state officials under the United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea.
- Taking note of the “commitment expressed by Italy” to resume its criminal investigation into the incident, the tribunal said India must cease to exercise its jurisdiction.
What’s the issue now?
The award passed by the Permanent Court of Arbitration is in conflict with the Supreme Court judgment in 2013. This verdict upheld the authority of the Union of India to prosecute the Marines.
- So, an international award which is in conflict with a domestic law, notwithstanding India’s ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas, can be implemented only if it is made into law under Article 253 of the Constitution”.
- The court asked the Centre to negotiate a “hefty” compensation with Italy.
- The court ordered the Centre to implead the victims’ families in the case within a week.
Overview of the marines’ case:
In 2012, two Italian marines fired shots while on-board an Italian vessel, Enrica Lexie killing two Indian fishermen aboard an Indian vessel, St. Anthony.
But, the fishing vessel was within the country’s Contiguous Zone and it was quite clear that the offence warranted arrest and prosecution under domestic law.
- Eventually, the marines were arrested. But, further the marines were released from India and sent to Italy.
- At that time, India had set up a specially designated court, as ordered by Indian Supreme Court, to determine the applicability of jurisdiction.
- Meanwhile, the National Investigation Agency invoked the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms on Continental Shelf Act, 2002.
- The dispute between the two countries as regards which country will try the two marines went before the PCA.
- PCA- composition, functions and members.
- What is UNCLOS?
- Articles 87, 90 and 100 of UNCLOS are related to?
- About International Tribunal for Law of the Sea (ITLOS).
- What is NIA?
- About the Permanent Court of Arbitration.
- Article 253 of the Indian Constitution.
Discuss the functions and significance of PCA.
Sources: the Hindu.
GS Paper : 3
Topics Covered: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
- It is an invitation for organizations across the globe to develop a Vision of the regenerative and nourishing food system that they aspire to create by the year 2050.
- The prize awards a cash incentive of USD $200,000.
- It was launched by the USA-based ‘The Rockefeller Foundation’, in partnership with the other two organisations – SecondMuse and OpenIDEO- in 2019.
What is a Food System Vision?
It is really a story about the future that addresses the following six interconnected themes:
Why in News?
- The Rockefeller Foundation has selected Naandi Foundation (a Hyderabad based non-profit organisation), as one of the top 10 ‘Visionaries’ in the world for the Food System Vision 2050 Prize.
- Naandi was recognised for its Arakunomics
What is Arakunomics?
It is a new integrated economic model that ensures profits for farmers, quality for consumers through regenerative agriculture.
This model is a tribute to the tribal farmers of Araku region for the world-class coffee produced and launched in Paris in 2017 as well as for the high carbon landscape transformation they did in over 955 villages there by planting 25 million trees.
Why Naandi was chosen?
- The success of Arakunomics in Araku region led to Naandi replicating the model to support the livelihood of farming communities in the villages of Wardha, Maharashtra, and later in New Delhi.
- Naandi hopes to expand its “food-print” by creating thousands of farm livelihoods by transforming their agriculture over one million acres spread across India.
- Also, Arakunomics model leads to Food Vision 2050 that follows an “ABCDEFGH” framework centering on:
- Decentralised decision-making
- Global Markets
- Headstands or turning current approaches on their head.
- What is Arakunomics?
- About the Food System Vision Prize.
- The prize is announced by?
- Which Indian Organisation was recently selected for this prize?
Write a note on Arakunomics.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Infrastructure- roadways.
- Delhi government has launched the Electric Vehicle Policy for the national capital.
- With this policy, the government aims to generate employment to give a boost to Delhi’s economy and reduce pollution levels in the national capital.
Highlights of the policy:
- The policy aims to constitute 25% electric vehicles by 2024, which is currently just 0.29% in the in the national capital.
- The government will waive registration fee and road tax.
- It will give incentive of up to ₹30,000 for two-wheelers, autos, e-rickshaws and freight vehicles while for cars, it will provide an incentive of up to ₹1.5 lakh.
- The government will also give low-interest loan on electric commercial vehicles.
- An ‘EV Cell’ will be established to implement the Policy.
- The government will also set up a ‘State Electric Vehicle Board’.
- 200 charging stations will be set up in a year to ensure that people driving these vehicles can get a charging station within the radius of three kilometers.
- The Delhi government will give a ”scrapping incentive” under the electric vehicle policy, which will be first-of-its-kind in the country.
- Youth will be trained so that they get jobs as electric vehicle sector will need them at a large scale after implementation of this policy.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.
TRAFFIC India has released a paper titled ‘‘SPOTTED’ in Illegal Wildlife Trade: A Peek into Ongoing Poaching and Illegal Trade of Leopards in India’.
- It is a study on the seizure and mortality of ‘common leopards’ (Panthera pardus fusca).
Highlights of the report:
- Of the total of 747 leopard deaths between 2015-2019 in India, 596 were linked to illegal wildlife trade and activities related to poaching.
- The highest numbers of poaching incidents were reported from the States of Uttarakhand and Maharashtra.
- Among all the derivatives found in illegal wildlife trade, skin remained the most in-demand product, accounting for 69% of all seizures, while derivatives like claws, teeth and bones were also traded.
- The last formal census on India’s leopards was conducted in 2014, which estimated the population between 12,000 and 14,000.
- The results of a recent census of leopard sightings are likely to be released soon by the Wildlife Institute of India.
The plight of leopards in illegal wildlife trade has been highlighted from time to time through investigative reports and studies, and through various wildlife enforcement actions across the country.However, this has not deterred wildlife smugglers, who are lured by high profits and low risk of detection, to target the species.
Therefore, experts suggest that more emphasis should be given to the conservation of leopards.
TRAFFIC, the Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network, is the leading non-governmental organisation working globally on the trade of wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity and sustainable development.
Insta Facts- Leopard:
- Scientific Name- Panthera pardus.
- Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- Included in Appendix I of CITES.
- Listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
- Nine subspecies of the leopard have been recognized, and they are distributed across Africa and Asia.
- IUCN status of Leopard.
- What is CITES?
- Subspecies of leopard.
- Various Schedules under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
- Tiger census in India is conducted by?
- IUCN red list categories.
- About TRAFFIC.
Sources: the Hindu.
Facts for Prelims
V. KAMATH COMMITTEE:
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted an expert committee under the chairmanship of veteran banker K.V. Kamath to make recommendations on norms for the resolution of COVID-19 related stressed loans.
- The Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) will function as the secretariat to the committee and the committee will be fully empowered to consult or invite any person it deems fit.
Business confidence index:
- India’s leading economic think tank, National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) conducts a quarterly survey and releases Business confidence index (N-BCI).
- It tracks the business sentiments of around 600 Indian companies to compute the composite index.
- It is a mass national gathering that brings together representatives from the various ethnic, religious, and tribal communities in Afghanistan.
- It is a highly respected centuries-old consultative body that has been convened at times of national crisis or to settle national issues.
- According to the Afghan Constitution, a Loya Jirga is considered the highest expression of the Afghan people. It is not an official decision-making body and its decisions are not legally binding.
Why in News?
A three-day Loya Jirga-grand assembly has been called in Afghanistan to decide on freeing about 400 Taliban fighters convicted for serious crimes including murder and abductions.
It is the Russian strategic command-post exercise.
Why in News?
- India will take part in the Russian Kavkaz 2020 strategic command-post exercise next month.
- The invitees for the exercise also include China and Pakistan apart from other member-states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).