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Unscientific use of irrigation water is giving rise to a variety of ecological problems in India. Elucidate.

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Unscientific use of irrigation water is giving rise to a variety of ecological problems in India. Elucidate.  (250 words)

Reference: The Wire 

Why the question:

The question talks about the ecological problems that are being caused owing to unscientific use of irrigation water in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the ecological problems that are being caused owing to unscientific use of irrigation water in the country. Suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce the answer by giving a brief highlight of present scenario of irrigation in India.

Body:

Irrigation consumes about 84 percent of total available water in India, while industrial and

Domestic sectors consume about 12 and 4 percent respectively. India has already realized over 80% of its irrigation potential. While this reflects significant irrigation expansion, unscientific utilization of irrigation water has raised several issues. There are multiple factors contributing to unscientific use of irrigation water like low irrigation

Efficiency; poor water management; ineffective ground water policy; heavy subsidization in Electricity etc. Discuss them in detail.

Explain in brief the issue of unscientific use of irrigation water. Enlist the ecological hazards resulting from the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.