Topics Covered: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan recently unveiled a new political map that includes all of Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Sir Creek and Junagadh.
- Pak Foreign Minister said that the new map reflects the aspirations of the people.
- India has dismissed the map as an “exercise in absurdity” that made “untenable claims” to territories in India. These ridiculous assertions have neither legal validity nor international credibility.
- India also said that the release of the new map confirms Pakistan’s “obsession with territorial aggrandizement” supported by cross-border terrorism.
The timing of the release of new map:
- The map has been released a day before the first anniversary of Indian government’s August 5 decisions rolling back special status of J&Kand the bifurcation of the state into two UTs.
- The move also appears to be a tit-for-tat for India’s inclusion of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir as part of the union territory of Jammu & Kashmir, and of Gilgit Baltistan as part of Ladakh in the new map the government released on November 2.
Let us look at the important regions now:
Where is Sir Creek?
Sir Creek is a 96-km strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan in the Rann of Kutch marshlands.
- Originally named Ban Ganga,Sir Creek is named after a British representative.
- The Creek opens up in the Arabian Sea and roughly divides the Kutch region of Gujarat from the Sindh Province of Pakistan.
What’s the related dispute?
The dispute lies in the interpretation of the maritime boundary line between Kutch and Sindh.
- Pakistan claims the entire width of the estuary, while India says the demarcation should be in the middle.
- In its support, India cites the Thalweg Doctrine in International Maritime Law,which states that river boundaries between two states may be divided by the mid-channel if the water-body is navigable.
What about Junagadh?
Junagadh is in coastal Gujarat. It was a part of the Kathiawar region.
It decided to join India in 1947 and the decision was formalised through a Plebiscite in 1948. This was, however, not accepted by Pakistan then, but was overtaken by the first India-Pakistan war over Kashmir that began at the end of October 1947 and continued for over a year.
- Disputed regions between India and its neighbours.
- Locations of these places and surrounding important places.
- India’s land and maritime boundary.
- Kharai camels.
- Rivers draining rann of Kutch.
- Largest fish producers in the world.
- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and Bombay Government resolution of 1914 w.r.t the disputed region.
- Boundary pacts in this regard.
- What is plebiscite?
Where is Sir Creek located? What is the dispute surrounding it? Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.