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Nagara Architecture of Ayodhya’s Ram Mandir

Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Nagara Architecture of Ayodhya’s Ram Mandir:

Context:

The grand temple at Rama Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya will follow the Nagara style of temple architecture.

What is Nagara style of temple architecture?

The Nagara style of temple architecture is found in northern India.

  • In the Nagara style, the temple is generally constructed on an upraised platform called jagati. Mandapasare present in front of the Garbhagriha. These are adorned with the Shikhara, the tallest one being above the Garbhagriha.
  • Nagara style doesn’t usually have elaborate boundary walls or gateways.
  • Generally, there is no water tank in the temple premises and the pradakshina patha is covered.
  • The garbhagriha is always located directly under the tallest tower.

nagar_dravid

The basic form of a Hindu temple contains the following architectural elements:

  1. Garbhagriha– the small room where the principle deity/deities of the temple reside
  2. Mandapa– the portico or hall at the entrance of the temple generally designed to house a large number of people
  3. Shikhara– the mountain like spire which can have different shapes from pyramidal to curvilinear
  4. Vahana– the mount or vehicle of the main deity placed generally in line of sight from Garbhagriha

Subdivisions:

Nagara school is further subdivided into different schools based on region like Odisha, Khajuraho, Solanki etc.

nagar_school

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Where is Garbagriha located in Nagara style of architecture?
  2. Key differences between Nagara and Dravida style of architectures.
  3. Boundary walls or gateways in Nagara style.
  4. Examples of Nagara Style temples.
  5. Examples of Dravida Style temples.
  6. What is Vesara style of architecture?

Mains Link:

Ancient Indian temple architecture evolved over the centuries from simple rock-cut cave shrines to massive and ornate temples. Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.