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Gender-based violence is a barrier to women’s empowerment and gender equality, and a constraint on individual and societal development, with high economic costs. Critically analyse the role men must play in addressing the problem of sexual violence against women.

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues.

2. Gender-based violence is a barrier to women’s empowerment and gender equality, and a constraint on individual and societal development, with high economic costs. Critically analyse the role men must play in addressing the problem of sexual violence against women. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint 

Why this question:

The recent incident of woman veterinarian, who was raped and killed on November 27 has again raised the debate of death penalty for the rapists and women’s safety is once again in the news and back in the public consciousness.

Key demand of the question:

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the alarming figures of violence against women and the new modes of protest on social media platforms.

Body:

Explain what is violence against women

The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women issued by the UN General Assembly in 1993, defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”

Explain how there has been a huge hue and cry about more stringent laws, death penalty for rapists.

Discuss the associated concerns of poor implementation of law, lack of sensitivity and awareness to the female gender, strong patriarchy etc. still prevalent in the society.

Suggest other measures of sensitizing the male members, how community i.e. We the people—men as much as women—need to feel equally responsible.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.

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