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Northeast has the potential to become India’s growth engine. Analyze.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent).

2. Northeast has the potential to become India’s growth engine. Analyze. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu  ,

Why this question:

The northeast has the potential to become India’s growth engine, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Thursday, noting that peace is now being established in the entire region.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the potential of North East Indian region to be India’s growth potential as most of the resources are still left untapped and unexplored.

Directive word:

analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:


Start with an introduction about the North East region.

India’s North Eastern Region is a ‘rainbow country …extraordinarily diverse and colourful, mysterious when seen through parted clouds’. It stretches from the foothills of the Himalayas in the eastern range and is surrounded by Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Myanmar. It includes the seven sisters – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, along with a small and beautiful cousin in the Himalayan fringes, namely, Sikkim.


Discuss about the natural resources of the region and the potential for growth.

  • Richly endowed with natural resources, the region is identified as one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots; it hosts species-rich tropical rain forests and supports diverse flora and fauna and several crop species.
  • reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the region constitute a fifth of the country’s total potential.
  • The region is covered by the mighty Brahmaputra-Barak river systems and their tributaries providing great opportunity for hydroelectricity, irrigation etc.

Discuss the challenges that are currently being faced.

  • For instance, floods in Brahmaputra basin, challenges of connectivity, poor infrastructure etc.

Give an account of the steps already taken in this regard.

Discuss about the feasible solutions that can be pursued.


Conclude with a balanced way forward.