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India should pursue its largely successful policy of maintaining positive relations with Iran and guard against hasty conclusions while monitoring the ties between China and Iran. Analyse.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

4. India should pursue its largely successful policy of maintaining positive relations with Iran and guard against hasty conclusions while monitoring the ties between China and Iran. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express  , idsa.in

Why this question:

Reports that Iran and China are close to concluding a 25-year strategic partnership — which may involve a trade and investment partnership totalling a massive $400 billion — have generated considerable angst in India. This is being linked to reports that Iran has decided to undertake the construction of the Chahbahar-Zahedan railway line to the border with Afghanistan on its own because India continues to delay its implementation of the project.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the healthy relations that has existed between India and Iran in the past. Despite the USA sanctions, India continued the oil trade with Iran in past. In the recent days, there have been a few hiccups w.r.t to the Chahbahar port railway line being awarded to China. India must not act in haste but in the meantime we must also be wary of the growing bonhomie between Iran and China.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction about India Iran ties and recent happenings of Chahbahar railway line project and alleged involvement of China.

Body:

Discuss in detail the ties that exists between India and Iran.

Discuss how China’s increasing closeness with Iran.

Now argue as to why India must not act in haste and take knee-jerk reactions.

Discuss how we should be watchful of the China-Iran ties.

Provide measures to strengthen the India-Iran ties.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.