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Floods have become increasingly frequent in India’s major cities, with an increasing impact on life and property. Analyze.

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Floods have become increasingly frequent in India’s major cities, with an increasing impact on life and property. Analyze. (250 words)

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why this question:

The recent heavy rain and subsequent waterlogging in several parts of Delhi has put the spotlight on urban floods — often ignored as sporadic, once-in-a-while events. Some of the biggest metropolises in India — including Chennai, Mumbai and New Delhi — face waterlogging during heavy rain.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the frequent occurrence of Urban floods. One is expected to establish How various causes have led to such occurrences. Discuss the various impacts of the urban floods and how we can overcome it.

Directive word:

analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

highlight why frequent occurrence of urban floods is also socio-political phenomenon. You may give certain stat or mention recent events.

Body:

Analyse the causes and consequences of urban floods.

Causes can be divided under the natural and anthropogenic factors. Substantiate using examples from various cities which experienced the deluge.

Discuss the consequences in detail.

Provide the mitigation measures need to control the urban floods.

Conclusion

Argue that floods have become complex phenomenon and Conclude with a balanced way forward.