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India registers a steep decline in maternal mortality ratio

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

India registers a steep decline in maternal mortality ratio


Special bulletin on Maternal Mortality in India 2016-18 was recently released by the Office of the Registrar General’s Sample Registration System (SRS).

What is MMR?

MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births.

  • The target 3.1 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)set by the United Nations aims to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 1,00,000 live births.

 What is Maternal Mortality?

Maternal mortality in a region is a measure of reproductive health of women in the area.

  • As per the World Health Organization, maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management.

Key findings:

MMR in India has declined to 113 in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016.

MMR of various States includes Assam (215), Bihar (149), Madhya Pradesh (173), Chhattisgarh (159), Odisha (150), Rajasthan (164), Uttar Pradesh (197) and Uttarakhand (99).

The southern States registered a lower MMR — Andhra Pradesh (65), Telangana (63), Karnataka (92), Kerala (43) and Tamil Nadu (60).


Prelims Link:

  1. What is Maternal Mortality and MMR?
  2. What is Target 3.1 of SDG?
  3. MMR trend in India in the last 10 years.

Sources: the Hindu.