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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 July 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

1. Is doctrine of ‘separation of powers’ explicitly mentioned in the Indian Constitution? What are the major provisions in the Indian Constitution which support this doctrine? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is premised on the theme of “Doctrine of separation of power”.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of “Doctrine of separation of power” and its constitutionality in the Indian system of polity.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state about the concept of the doctrine of separation of power.

Body:

Explain what you understand by separation of power; ‘Separation of Power’ is a principle that limits the powers vested in any person or institution. It divides governmental authority into three branches:

  • Legislative (Parliament or Senate)
  • Executive (President or Prime Minister and the Cabinet), and
  • Judiciary (Chief Justice and other judges).

Then move on to examine whether this principle is explicit or implicit in Indian Constitution.

In our country the debate about the separation of powers dates as long back as the Constitution itself. It was extensively debated in the Constituent Assembly. It was not given constitutional status in our Constitution finally but it does clearly seem that the constitution of India has been made keeping the separation of powers doctrine in mind, but nowhere is this explicitly stated or embraced by the constitution itself.

 Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.

 

 

Topic : Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Do you agree with the view that the Covid-19 crisis and its associated world’s most stringent lockdown have revealed the plight of the vulnerable Indian migrant labour force? Give reasons in support of your arguments.  (250 words)

Reference:HindustanTimes

Why the question:

The article brings to us the dismal picture of the migrant workers amidst the lockdown.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the sad and worrisome state of the migrant worker’s life amidst the covid-19 crisis.

Directive:

Give Reasons – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present some key facts/data to represent the migrant worker’s crisis in the country.

Body:

Explain the alarming issues being faced by them – They are underpaid and overworked, from marginalized communities, sustained by an invisible economy of care.

In India, many of these migrants — about 100 million in total — work seasonally and circulate between their rural homes and faraway work sites for a part of the year.

 workers treated the worst often come from regions of India like Jharkhand, Odisha or Chhattisgarh which have long suffered a form of internally oppressive structures as their indigenous wealth — minerals, forests, other natural resources — has been extracted by outsiders, leaving little but high levels of poverty for the locals etc.

Discuss the efforts of government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. COVID-19 crisis has exposed the weaknesses in the institutional and human capacity of Indian cities to handle a public health emergency.” Give your opinion with suitable substantiation. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The opinion from The Hindu newspaper presents a detailed picture of the weaknesses in the institutional and human capacity of Indian cities to handle a public health emergency.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the factors responsible for weaknesses in the institutional and human capacity of Indian cities to handle a public health emergency.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining that despite the renewed policy focus on cities, the pandemic has exposed the weaknesses in handling a public emergency.

Body:

Even after easing the lockdown restrictions and were given lot of policy attention, with Dedicated national-level programmes on urban development since a decade compared to rural  Areas, the Indian mega cities are still facing economic and livelihood issues along with Public health crisis. Explain how the COVID-19 crisis has largely been an urban crisis. Explain that Indian cities are not only facing a public health crisis but also a larger emergency of economic issues and livelihoods. A high percentage of urban residents have lost employment during the lockdown and continue to face an uncertain future. 

Discuss why the Cities are not capable enough of handling the crisis.

Suggest solutions to address the issues associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. Why the renewable energy sources were given a lot of importance now days? Discuss the efforts of the government in achieving the targets set in this sector. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks about means to become Atma Nirbhar in terms of renewable energy sector.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss why renewable energy sources have gained lot of importance over the years and also bring out the efforts of the government in this direction.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a fact such as – In its mission to achieve the goal of installing 100 GW of solar power by 2024, government has recently launched a 750 MW photovoltaic project at Rewa, in Madhya Pradesh.

Body:

Explain in detail why the renewable energy sources were given a lot of importance now days? –

Because, the future growth and employment should be in line with the environmental and Sustainability objectives, particularly in energy production, being away from dirty fuels such as coal.

Suggest efforts of the government in this direction in detail with relevant examples.

Rapid Development or Progress of a nation is possible with its strategic shift in policies to aid competitive domestic energy market.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note and appreciate the efforts of the government in this direction.

 

Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. As an alternative of forcing declaration of country of origin for products, govt should foster an ecosystem for driving consumer preference for a standards-driven Made in India brand.” Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: FinancialExpress

Why the question:

The article explains in what way instead of forcing declaration of country of origin for products, govt should foster an ecosystem for driving consumer preference for a standards-driven Made in India brand.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain means and ways which the govt. should adopt to should foster an ecosystem for driving consumer preference for a standards-driven Made in India brand instead of forcing declarations of country of origin for products.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the recent decision of the GOI to boycott Chinese apps.

Body:

Explain that the slogan of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ has received considerable support from the general public, especially following China’s misadventures in Ladakh. These misadventures have indirectly made this an issue of boycotting Chinese products. However, boycotting is a fraught proposal since China is a crucial source of raw materials for local industries, like APIs in pharmaceuticals, components for electronics, etc. Further, many of our consumers wouldn’t be in a position to afford the alternatives.

Take hints from the article and substantiate with suitable backing.

Conclusion:

Conclude that idea of promoting local industries isn’t a new phenomenon. In fact, ‘Made in India’ or swadeshi was one of the hallmarks of our freedom struggle. However, instead of merely replicating the swadeshi of our past, we must fine-tune it to the realities of the 21st century.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic : Quote based question

6. Whatever deserves to exist, deserves to be studied and understood’.  What do you understand by the above quote? Discuss their contemporary relevance. (250 words)

Reference: Quote based question

Why the question:

The question is quotation based.

Key Demand of the question:

The quote suggests the belief in importance of openness in learning and freedom of speech and expression. Explain this in detail.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the nuances of the quote briefly.

Body:

According to this quote both are independent. Freedom of speech and expression is the fundamental right enshrined in the constitution and it is the cornerstone of democracy. However, enjoyment of this right is based on ‘right to know’ or knowledge (UNESCO) i.e. individuals should have permission and means to develop one’s understanding based on its knowledge.

Give suitable examples to explain the significance of the quote.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic: Challenges of corruption.

7. ‘Corruption is conventionally understood as a deviant behaviour but it is also a sign of moral decline in the society’. Illustrate with examples.  (250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of corruption.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain in what way ‘Corruption is conventionally understood as a deviant behaviour but it is also a sign of moral decline in the society’. Discuss with suitable examples.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Political thinker Rousseau believed that human nature is rational and basically good but it is vulnerable to corruption. Accordingly, corruption should also be seen as sign or symptom of moral decline in society not just a behavioural fault of an individual.

Body:

Explain in what way corruption is also a sign of declining society. Such questions are best explained with case studies/examples.  For example – When some corrupt practices become acceptable part of our lives e.g. giving and taking bribe cheerfully to get the seat in college.  When stigma attached with corrupt person no longer limits his chances e.g. election of representative with criminal background. Etc.  

Suggest that when corruption becomes pervasive to such an extent, it surely become a sign of moral decline in a society.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address such an issue.


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