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Assam’s Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to get national park status

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Assam’s Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to get national park status

Assam government has decided to upgrade the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary into a national park.

About Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary:

Also known as the Jeypore Rainforest is a part of Dehing Patkai Elephant Reserve .

  • Located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts, the 111.19 sq km Dehing Patkai was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 2004.
  • It is home to 47 mammal, 47 reptile, and 310 butterfly species.
  • It forms the largest stretch of lowland rainforest in the country.

Dehing is the name of the river that flows through this forest and Patkai is the hill at the foot of which the sanctuary lies.

What is a National Park?

According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a national park is “[a]n area, whether within a sanctuary or not, [that] can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment.

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. IUCN Protected Areas classification.
  2. India’s first national park.
  3. Role of state governments in declaring national parks.
  4. Dehing river.
  5. Jeypore forest.

Sources: toi.