Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
4. The average size of holdings has shown a steady declining trend over the last three decades. What are the challenges faced by farmers due to fragmentation of land? What needs to be done in this regard? Analyse. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question is amidst the declining land holding size in India and the challenges posed thereafter.
Key Demand of the question:
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce briefly declining trend of land holding size as well as current scenario in this regards.
As per Agriculture Census 2015-16, the average size of operational holding has declined to 1.08 hectare in 2015-16 as compared to 1.15 hectare in 2010-11. The small and marginal holdings (<2 ha) now constitute 86%, while the large holdings (>10 ha) are merely 0.57% of the total land holdings.
Mention the challenges faced by farmers due to fragmentation of land.
Provide some suggestions to resolve the given challenges.
Discuss some steps taken by government in conclusion.