Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 July 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : The Freedom Struggle —  its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Discuss the key features of Subsidiary alliance policy. Also explain how the policy aided the Britishers to expand their rule in India? (250 words)

Reference: History  of Modern India by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is from the modern Indian history theme of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the policy of subsidiary alliance and in what way it aided the Britishers to expand their rule in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss what the policy of Subsidiary alliance was.

Body:

Discuss the main principles of a subsidiary alliance:

  • An Indian ruler entering into a subsidiary alliance with the British had to accept British forces in his territory and also agreed to pay for their maintenance.
  • The ruler would accept a British people in his state.
  • Such a ruler would not form an alliance with any other power, nor would he declare war against any power without the permission of the British.
  • The ruler would not employ any Europeans other than the British, and if he were already doing so, he would dismiss them.
  • In case of a conflict with any other state, the British would decide what to do, and he would accept their solution.
  • The ruler would acknowledge the East India Companyas the power in India.
  • In return for the ruler accepting its conditions, the Company undertook to protect the state from external dangers and internal disorders.
  • If the Indian rulers failed to make the payments required by the alliance, then part art of their territory was to be taken away as a penalty.

Then move onto explain how the policy aided the Britishers to expand their rule in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that with such features like control of foreign policy of subordinate states and control of their security and defence made Britishers sovereign authority in India.

 

Topic : The Freedom Struggle —  its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. In the words of R.C Majumdar,” The Revolt of 1857 is neither First, nor National, nor a War of Independence.” Examine. (250 words)

Reference: History of modern India by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is premised upon the theme of the Revolt of 1857.

Key Demand of the question:

One must examine in detail as to how the Revolt of 1857 is neither First, nor National, nor a War of Independence.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief intro of the revolt like the revolt was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule after 1757. It was a cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations.

Body:

The question can be structured into three parts –

Firstly, discuss how the revolt was not the first war of Independence mentioning few previous revolts like Vellore mutiny, poligars revolt, Sanyasi revolt, Paika rebellion, Peasant revolts etc.

Second, you have to discuss how the character of the war was not national, discuss on these lines – Absence of all India participation, all classes did not join, No centralized leadership etc.

Third, you have to discuss why it was not a war of Independence. In this head you have to discuss the reasons of different section in very brief.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the significance of revolt. Like Despite of all the shortcomings, the revolt of 1857 showed up the loopholes in British administration and its army. It arouses the masses and changed the course of struggle for freedom.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

3. “The Central Government’s move to open up modern, world-class private trains could set off a major transformation in railways.” Present your viewpoints with suitable substantiation. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article explains in what way recent Centre’s move to open up 109 route pairs in 12 clusters to 150 ‘modern, world-class’ private trains could set off a major transformation in passenger rail travel.

Key Demand of the question:

Bring out the prospects of such a move, present your viewpoints about the decision made by the centre to transform Railways to newer levels.

Directive:

Present – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining in what way the decision is both ideal and inclusive.

Body:

Discuss the act of introducing private players in the Indian Railways.

Explain in what way such a move can be a game changer, discuss the possible prospects in detail. Bring out the associated challenges; suggest in what way such challenges and concerns can be tackled.

Define the efforts of the government in this direction in the past.  Talk about the policy measures that are already in place in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

 Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. Discuss the different techniques of recovering energy from waste. Also Highlight the potential and challenges associated with Waste to Energy plants in India. (250 words)

Reference: Economic Times 

Why the question:

The article talks about the prospects and challenges of the waste to energy industry.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward, explain the various methods of recovering energy from waste and discuss the potential and challenges associated with Waste to Energy plants in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what waste-to-energy means. Waste-to-Energy (WTE) is an energy generation process wherein waste is treated to generate energy in the form of electricity or heat. These processes generate electricity or heat directly through combustion or produce a combustible fuel such as methane, methanol, ethanol or synthetic fuels.

Body:

In the answer body have the following discussions –

Briefly, write about the Waste-to-Energy process.

Discuss the various techniques of recovering energy from waste; Incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, bio-methanation etc.

Highlight the potential and challenges associated with waste to energy plants in India.

Suggest alternatives to overcome such challenges such as the concept of  ‘5Rs’ – reuse, recover, recycle and remanufacture.

Conclusion:

Conclude answer by suggesting a way forward.

 

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Give an account of land degradation in India. Also, highlight the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India. (250 words)

Reference: Geography of India by Majid Hussain

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of land degradation and its spatial aspects in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss the state of land degradation in India and highlight the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain shortly what you understand by land degradation.

Body:

Land degradation is defined as the long term/temporary loss of ecosystem functions and

Productivity caused by disturbances from which land cannot recover unaided. It can be caused by natural as well as anthropogenic factors.

Give the current status of land degradation and reasons behind the same in India.

Enumerate the steps taken to check growing land degradation in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the steps, which should be taken towards the same.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Growing awareness about terminal as well as mental illness has given credence to the idea of “living wills”. What is a living will? Discuss the ethical issues to be well-thought-out from an individual as well as social perspective to formulate and implement it. (250 words)

Reference: bbc.co.uk

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of living will and ethical issues associated with it.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to bring out the ethical issues associated with the living wills from both individual as well as social perspectives.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

A living will is a written statement detailing a person’s desires regarding future medical treatment in circumstances in which they are no longer able to express informed consent.

Body:

Discuss that growing awareness about terminal as well as mental illness has given credence to the idea of “living wills” because it gives primacy to patient autonomy and what kind of treatment they would want to access or avoid.

 The rationale behind the will is that close relatives of the patient often end up spending a fortune on treatment of the terminally ill patient and there may be plethora of reasons for doing that- attachment, importance, moral pressure, etc.

Discuss the ethical issues associated with it. Suggest solutions to address them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.

 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. “Man by nature is a political animal”. Explain with reference to Aristotle’s idea of the state in life of the society. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the idea of the State in life of the society by Aristotle.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to expand the inherent meaning of the statement and explain in detail the nuances associated with it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly bring out the different connotation of the statement given in the question.

Body:

Aristotle believes that humans are like the animals in many ways, but are above them in one distinctive

Way – politics. In the given statement there are two components, one is “by nature” which connotes

Something that is innate and the other one is “political animal” which means the animals who live

Together in a setting. The entire statement thereby implies that it is the inherent nature of humans to live together and form deliberative and governing bodies that seek to betterment of all those involved- that man is naturally sociable and that they are naturally drawn to various political associations in order to satisfy their social needs. And this process is possible only because humans have the power of speech

And moral reasoning.

Elaborate on why Aristotle regarded human beings as naturally political.

Discuss the role of state in the society in the context of man as political animal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with your opinion.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos