Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
2. “Tropical regions are rich in flora and fauna biodiversity as compared to temperate regions” Discuss (250 words)
Why the question:
The question aims to differentiate the biodiversity of tropical regions and the temperate regions.
Key Demand of the question:
One must appreciate and analyse the reasons for difference in diversity between tropical and temperate regions.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
One can start by enlisting tropical forest biodiversity facts.
In the answer body analyse the reasons for difference in diversity between tropical and temperate regions.
The reasons for the difference are – location aspects, climate aspects, history of evolution of the two regions, Niche specialization etc. Elaborate on each of these and earmark the differences, if possible tabulate them with suitable examples.
Explain significance of the two regions.
Thus, biodiversity richness is dependent on many geographical and biological factors of the region. There is an urgent requirement to study and regulate the factors which have been reducing the species diversity of the earth.