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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 July 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of Women and Women’s Organization, Population and Associated Issues, Poverty and Developmental issues, Urbanization, their problems and their remedies

1. What steps should India take urgently to address gender bias against girl child as 46 million girls went missing in India as per World Population 2020 report findings? Critically comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks about the recent findings of World Population 2020 report and the key highlight that 46 million girls went missing in India.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the dismal condition of missing girls in India and suggest immediate measures to address the gender bias against these missing girls.

Directive:

Critically Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by pointing out the key highlights of the world population 2020 report.

Body:

Discuss first the existing issue in brief.

Quote the reasons that have led to such a situation; female feticide, Post-natal sex selection, Marriage squeeze etc.

Then discuss the steps that India needs to take to address such an alarming issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with efforts of the government already in this direction and suggest suitable way forward.

 

Topic : population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

2. ‘India’s population pyramid is expected to bulge across the 15-59 age groups over the next decade. This demographic advantage is predicted to last only Until 2040. India therefore has a very narrow time frame to harness its demographic dividend and to overcome its skill shortages’. Discuss and Suggest measures for harnessing the demographic dividend in the short span of time. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of demographic dividend of India and the need to overcome skill shortages to harness its true potential.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must suggest measures for harnessing the demographic dividend in the short span of time.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India’s population pyramid is expected to bulge across the 15-59 age group over the

Next decade. This demographic advantage is predicted to last only until 2040. India

Therefore has a very narrow time frame to harness its demographic dividend and to

Overcome its skill shortages.

Body:

Discuss what the existing issues with skill shortages and developments are, underlying factors responsible for it.

Suggest measures to address the situation such as – Low skilled workers absorption in manufacturing sector, Self – employment – start up, stand up schemes, Skill development – vocational training, Agricultural sector – Gainful employment, food processing industries, Improve Labour-intensive industries –Eg: Tourism, textiles, leather and others.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : International relations – India and its neighborhood

3. To attain the central role and face the expansionist policies of enemy nations, India should involve in sustained engagements with its neighbors. Discuss if it’s easy to reinstate with SAARC in such conditions? What are the challenges ahead for India? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks about ways for India to deal strategically with china.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the importance of expansionist policies of the enemy nations and in what way it will affect India and its engagements with its neighbors. Discuss the possible role of SAARC in such a situation.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

On one side continuing its fight with India in the border, china is moving ahead with its goal of global expansionism. Explain factors associated with it.

Body:

Discuss what are the ways available for India to deal with china?

Explain that to deal with china, India has to begin with South Asia by reinvigorating SAARC which is in doldrums since 2014. This can be done by reviving the South Asian Economic Integration.

Discuss in what way India should involve in sustained engagements with its neighbors.

Explain the nuances associated with it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be India’s way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

 Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. The more digitized our trade facilitation infrastructure, the more Immune India will be to the future disruptions like COVID-19. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks in detail about Contracting Indian Port ecosystem and in what way Re-orientation of existing trade structures is being witnessed amidst disruptions like covid-19.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how covid-19 has contracted Indian trade and in what way digitsing our trade facilitation infrastructure can make India immune from such disruptions.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

As digitization of procedures and lower human intervention are the two major pillars that drive trade across borders, emergence of new demand and supply chains in the countries will re-orient its existing trade structures as per the demands created with a crisis.

Body:

Firstly discuss the gaps that need to be filled to fully develop port ecosystem as per the

Needs.

Suggest measures to address these issues , solutions to close the gaps in the infrastructure through digitization.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the more digitized our trade facilitation infrastructure, the more immune India will be to the future disruptions like COVID-19.

 

 Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment

5. Recognition of Non-performing assets sooner may address the problem of banking sector rather than restructuring now and recognizing later, do you agree? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of Restructuring of loans and the need to recognize NPAs to resolve the problems of banking sector.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance of recognition of Non-performing assets sooner and in what way it may address the problem of banking sector rather than restructuring now and recognizing later.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss briefly the current conditions in the country with respect to banking sectors.

Body:

Start by highlighting the most effected sectors of the economy such as – Airlines, hotels, malls, multiplexes, restaurants, and retail may see a significant loss of revenue and profits due to the outbreak, while highly leveraged sectors like real estate developers, telecom companies and power firms may remain a source of increased bad debt.

Discuss why it’s important to recognize the NPAs. Loan recast would only defer recognition of NPAs and not solve the problem.

 COVID-19 pandemic may set back the recovery of India’s banking sector by years, which could hit credit flows and, ultimately, the economy

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6. The set of principles recommended by Nolan committee for public life are significant because they focused on behaviour and culture rather than processes. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is premised on the importance of set of principles recommended by Nolan committee for public life.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the significance of Nolan committee report for public life.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

To ensure ethical standards in public service delivery, the traditional method used to focus more on the roles, procedures, activities, rules and regulation.

Body:

Explain that Nolan committee was founded to overcome this recommendation. It made recommendations to improve standards of behaviour in public life. In whatever capacity public servants’ function, their behaviour in public life should be guided by these principles.

Discuss in detail each principle enshrined by the committee.

Conclusion:

Conclude that twenty years on Nolan principles still form the basis of the ethical standards expected from public office holders.

 

Topic : corporate governance

7. System of corporate governance was made to make Corporations accountable to stakeholders. However, the real ethical challenge lies in determining who the real stakeholders are and balancing their interests. Debate. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of corporate governance and concerns associated in identifying the stakeholders in it.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of corporate governance; explain the concerns around identifying the right stakeholder and real ethical challenges associated with it.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define corporate governance.

Body:

Explain that the concept of stakeholders is used to create balance between corporate-society relationships. Stakeholders are those entities which has interest in functioning or outcome of corporations e.g. employees, shareholders, customers, community etc. According to corporate social responsibility act, one of the primary functions of the corporation is to serve the needs of its all stakeholders.

However when it comes to real life, corporations are found to be fulfilling interest of those stakeholder/s which has direct or vested interest in it at the cost of other stakeholders interest e.g. In Satyam scam company’s account was forged to benefit founders and misled investors, regulators, Kingfisher airline evaded service tax to benefit company at the cost of interest of other shareholders.

Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


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