Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1. To what extent is India’s foreign policy irreconcilably linked to the ideals promoted in the Indian national movement? Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: Indian modern history by Spectrum Publications
Why the question:
The question aims to address the opposing link between India’s foreign policy and ideals promoted in the Indian national movement.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail as to what extent India’s foreign policy is irreconcilably linked to the ideals promoted in the Indian national movement.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce with the ideals promoted during India’s struggle for freedom such as Respect for Self-determination, International ethics through Panchsheel, Non alignment as a tenet of foreign policy,
Promotion of democratic values without exporting them, concept of Vasudaiva Kutumbakam Etc.
In detail discuss how such ideals played out in India’s foreign policy.
Explain how Indian national movement through its ideals and principles has left an indelible mark in the foreign policy of the country.
Then present a detailed evaluation and limitations of the above ideals of Indian freedom movement.
Conclude that that Indian Foreign Policy however not in totality but still has reflected many idealistic values which remain key ingredient of Indian soft power even today.