Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
2. Just as there is wage gap between men and women in the workplace there is ‘leisure gap’ between them at home. Discuss the above statement in the context of gender inequalities in India. (250 words)
Reference: Economic Times
Why the question:
The question is premised on the gender inequalities in India.
Key Demand of the question:
One has to elaborate upon the inherent meaning of the statement in question – “Just as there is wage gap between men and women in the workplace there is ‘leisure gap’ between them at home”.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
One can begin by quoting relevant statistics that can highlight the context of the question.
India scores quite low in when it comes to gender inequality, according to latest UNDP Human development report, India is ranked 125 of 159 countries in the Gender Inequality Index (GII). In terms of labour participation only 26.85% of women (79.1% men) above 15 years are part of India’s labour force. When it comes to salary, women earns 20 percent less than what men earns.
Move on to explain how often gender inequality is always only measured merely in terms of labour participation or workforce participation. What does not get due attention is the glaring gender inequality when it comes to sharing household chores at home i.e. leisure gap or unequal sharing of household chores at home.
Explain the double burden that women face in detail.
Conclude that the experience of double burden exist because domestic work is private and outside the economy, it is not remunerated and this causes it to appear as something less than real work and as part of the gender role of women. The double burden can be overcome by giving recognition to household works and equal sharing of burden.