Topic Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
4. Stressing on the need for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) in India, discuss the limitations in implementing it. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question is based on the concept of for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM).
Key Demand of the question:
One has to explain the need of such a technique – Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) and its relevance to the Indian system of agriculture, also discuss the constraints associated with its implementation.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define what you understand by Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM). Participatory irrigation management (PIM) refers to the co-operation and involvement of farmers in Operation, management, and maintenance of the irrigation systems by organizing themselves in formal bodies at various levels.
Discuss the key features of PIM.
Then explain the need for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) in India – to increase in Agricultural Productivity, to reduce the operations cost of irrigation facility and others.
Discuss then the constraints in implementing the PIM – Lack of legal backup and policy changes, lacunae in the system, Uncertainty of water availability, Fear of financial viability.
Conclude with significance of such ideas and policy initiatives and also suggest measures to overcome the challenges associated in its implementation.