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Participation and representation are fundamental elements of a democracy. Discuss the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

 

Topic : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. Participation and representation are fundamental elements of a democracy. Discuss the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation. (250 words)

Reference : Indian Polity – Laxmikanth

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions and aims to ascertain the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way participation and representation are fundamental elements of a democracy; also explain the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining how the concepts of rights, freedom and equality are most central to the theme of democracy.

Body:

Explain what you understand by Representative Democracy and Participatory Democracy.

Present in detail arguments about Representation and Participation in Democracy, highlight its importance.

Elucidate upon the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Present the case of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such elements to ensure success of a democracy.