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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 June 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. What do you understand by ice-albedo feedback? And how can it be related to climate change? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why the question:

The question is premised on the concept of ice-albedo feedback and its relation with climate change.

Key Demand of the question:

Student must discuss the concept of ice-albedo feedback and explain its relation with climate change, its impact on climate change and other effects.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define briefly the concept – Ice–albedo feedback is a positive (exacerbating) feedback climate process where a change in the area of ice caps, glaciers, and sea ice alters the albedo and surface temperature of Earth.

Body:

Discuss its spatial aspects, location etc. – It is prominent in areas where a patch of sea ice completely melts, and results in uncovering darker seawater surface that absorbs more sunlight than ice. Ice reflects some of the solar energy back to space because it is highly reflective. If an equivalent area of ice is replaced by water or land, (having a lower albedo value) reflects less and absorbs more energy, resulting in a warmer Earth.

Discuss then in detail the Ice albedo feedback’s relationship with climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to have a global effort to prevent further melting of sea ice by constantly monitoring sea ice loss and taking adequate measures to prevent human induced climate change.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic :  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

2. Should India boycott China, or focus on policies that support self-reliance and invest sufficiently to be at par in terms of economies of scale with China. Deliberate.(250 Words)

Reference: Financial Express

Why the question:

The article covers in detail the recent happenings between India-China relationship and effects thereafter.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail what is the right approach in your opinion that India must take to resolve the issues with China. Support the idea of self-reliance and importance of such policies.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The increasing border tension between India and China at Galwan valley in Ladakh has led to an increase in anti-China sentiments with people willing to “boycott” Chinese products and “promote” domestic products. 

Body:

Discuss the border skirmished between the two countries.

Explain why boycotting isn’t a good option to take for India, why India should focus on Self-Reliance.   

Provide suggestions on how India can overcome the reliance on China.

Discuss what policy aspects should India focus on.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. Participation and representation are fundamental elements of a democracy. Discuss the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation. (250 words)

Reference : Indian Polity – Laxmikanth

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions and aims to ascertain the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way participation and representation are fundamental elements of a democracy; also explain the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining how the concepts of rights, freedom and equality are most central to the theme of democracy.

Body:

Explain what you understand by Representative Democracy and Participatory Democracy.

Present in detail arguments about Representation and Participation in Democracy, highlight its importance.

Elucidate upon the challenges faced by democracy in guaranteeing inclusive participation and representation.

Present the case of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such elements to ensure success of a democracy.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Stressing on the need for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) in India, discuss the limitations in implementing it. (250 words)

Reference

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM).

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain the need of such a technique – Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) and its relevance to the Indian system of agriculture, also discuss the constraints associated with its implementation.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM). Participatory irrigation management (PIM) refers to the co-operation and involvement of farmers in Operation, management, and maintenance of the irrigation systems by organizing themselves in formal bodies at various levels.

Body:

Discuss the key features of PIM.

Then explain the need for Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) in India – to increase in Agricultural Productivity, to reduce the operations cost of irrigation facility and others. 

Discuss then the constraints in implementing the PIM – Lack of legal backup and policy changes, lacunae in the system, Uncertainty of water availability, Fear of financial viability.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such ideas and policy initiatives and also suggest measures to overcome the challenges associated in its implementation.

 

 

 Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. “Establishing a global solar grid is a novel idea, especially in context of climate change. However, underlying issues in its implementation needs to be addressed first”. Give your opinion in this context. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express

Why the question:

In recent years, India has leveraged forums like the G20 and the UNFCCC to collaborate with major powers in new areas of growth and in bringing about global reforms. One such initiative is One Sun One World One Grid’ (OSOWOG). Thus the context of the question

Key Demand of the question:

One has to discuss the idea of global solar grid and in what way it is a novel idea.  Also discuss the associated issues and need to recognize and resolve them.

Directive:

Give your opinion – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by explaining  the OSOWOG vision, where in India seeks to replicate its global solar leadership (International Solar Alliance) by encouraging the phased development of a single globally connected solar electricity grid to leverage the multiple benefits (Low cost, Zero pollution) of solar energy.

Body:

Firstly, explain why it seems to be a brilliant idea in pursuit of sustainable development. However, it faces certain challenges in its implementation.

Discuss the novelty of the idea to Indian economy and other aspects; parity with other countries, sel-reliance in energy sector, Climate Mitigation etc.

Discuss what the hurdles are or challenges are – Problem with Interconnectedness, Dependency on China and so on.

Conclusion:

Conclude that establishing a global solar grid is a novel idea, especially in context of climate change. However, underlying issues in its implementation needs to be addressed first. Apart from it, India can explore the possibility of establishing a federation of regional grids like SAARC grid.

 

Topic : Basics of Cyber Security

6. Given the future of technology under Industrial Revolution 4.0, India requires a strong cybersecurity framework based on the 4D principles – Deter, Detect, Destroy and Document so that it can overthrow any cyber challenge. Comment.   (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why the question:

Recently, the cyber security attack on Australia’s communication system has brought the governance to a standstill. In India, too, cyber-attacks have been occurring with increasing frequency, thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance and need of having a strong cybersecurity framework based on the 4D principles – Deter Detect, Destroy and Document. Explain in what way it can do away the cyber challenges facing the country.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with key facts such as – Although India was one of the few countries to launch a cybersecurity policy in 2013, not much has transpired in terms of a coordinated cyber approach. Thus, there is a need for a comprehensive cyber security policy in India.

Body:

Cyber security has become an integral aspect of national security. Moreover, its area of influence extends far beyond military domains to cover all aspects of a nation’s governance, economy and welfare.

Explain in detail the need for Cyber Security Framework in India.

Bring out the challenges in implementing a robust cyber security network.

Suggest solutions such as creating awareness, strengthening of existing cyber security framework, bringing cyber security in education, given increasing dominance of mobile and telecommunication, both national cyber security policy and national telecom policy will have to effectively coalesce to make a comprehensive policy for 2030.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic : Ethical issues in International Relations

7. What do you understand by global ethics in modern-day world? Focus upon the role that global ethics can play in attaining universally accepted goals. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of global ethics and its importance in today’s world.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of global ethics and its importance in today’s world and also highlight its role in attaining universally accepted goals.

Directive:

Focus – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining global ethics in today’s world.

Body:

Start with definition of global ethics – Global ethics is an area of critical ethical enquiry into the nature and justification of values and norms that are global in kind and into the various issues that arise such as world poverty and international aid, environmental problems, food security, disaster mitigation, peace and security, and human rights.

Discuss in what way global ethics can contribute – it helps in Drawing parallels between self-interest of nations and the universality of these interests so a shared understanding of global problems. Creates moral pressure for countries come forward and provide assistance when conditions in other countries are not so favorable. Establishes checks and balances etc.

Give examples in day-to day global platform.

Conclusion:

Conclude by asserting its importance.


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