Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
5. “Establishing a global solar grid is a novel idea, especially in context of climate change. However, underlying issues in its implementation needs to be addressed first”. Give your opinion in this context. (250 words)
Reference: Financial Express
Why the question:
In recent years, India has leveraged forums like the G20 and the UNFCCC to collaborate with major powers in new areas of growth and in bringing about global reforms. One such initiative is One Sun One World One Grid’ (OSOWOG). Thus the context of the question
Key Demand of the question:
One has to discuss the idea of global solar grid and in what way it is a novel idea. Also discuss the associated issues and need to recognize and resolve them.
Give your opinion – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
One can start by explaining the OSOWOG vision, where in India seeks to replicate its global solar leadership (International Solar Alliance) by encouraging the phased development of a single globally connected solar electricity grid to leverage the multiple benefits (Low cost, Zero pollution) of solar energy.
Firstly, explain why it seems to be a brilliant idea in pursuit of sustainable development. However, it faces certain challenges in its implementation.
Discuss the novelty of the idea to Indian economy and other aspects; parity with other countries, sel-reliance in energy sector, Climate Mitigation etc.
Discuss what the hurdles are or challenges are – Problem with Interconnectedness, Dependency on China and so on.
Conclude that establishing a global solar grid is a novel idea, especially in context of climate change. However, underlying issues in its implementation needs to be addressed first. Apart from it, India can explore the possibility of establishing a federation of regional grids like SAARC grid.