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Elucidate the significance of the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process in the Indian context. Also high spot the apprehensions related with it.

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Elucidate the significance of the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process in the Indian context. Also high spot the apprehensions related with it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Student unions from several universities and colleges from across India have petitioned Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar to put the draft of the proposed Environment Impact Assessment Notification 2020 on hold.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to discuss the significance of the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) process in the Indian context. Also bring out the concerns associated with it.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Environment Impact Assessment in India is statutorily backed by the Environment Protection Act, 1986 which contains various provisions on EIA methodology and process.

Body:

Discuss the process of EIA in brief. It is an important process for evaluating the likely environmental impact of a proposed project. It is a process whereby people’s views are taken into consideration for granting final approval to any developmental project or activity. It is basically, a decision-making tool to decide whether the project should be approved or not.

Explain the challenges and concerns associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its significance.