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U.N.-75 declaration delayed

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

U.N.-75 declaration delayed

What’s the issue?

Commemorative declaration marking the 75th anniversary of the signing of the U.N. Charter has been delayed.

Why?

Member states could not reach an agreement on phraseology. They have objected to the use of a phrase “shared vision of a common future”.

Because, the phrase, “community with a shared future for mankind” is closely associated with the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) and especially Chinese President Xi Jinping as an articulation of the country’s vision for the world.

Who is opposing?

The Five Eyes — the U.S., the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and Canada — along with India, have objected.

The current impasse comes at a time when China’s relationships with a number of democracies, including India, Australia and the U.S., are strained.

Silence process:

With this objection, the ‘silence’ process (a procedure by which a resolution passes if no formal objections are raised within a stipulated time) has been broken.

However, China, on behalf of itself and Russia, Syria and Pakistan raised objections to the silence being broken.

What the countries demand?

The objecting countries wanted the resolution to read, “We will work together with partners to strengthen coordination and global governance for the common good of present and future generations and to realize our shared vision for a better future as envisaged in the preamble of the UN Charter.”

75th anniversary of the signing of the UN Charter:

The Charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945 and came into force on October 24, 1945.

It is the foundational treaty of the United Nations.

Objectives: Conceived above all as a means to save future generations from the scourge of war, the Charter calls for the organization to maintain international peace and security; promote social progress and better standards of life; strengthen international law; and promote human rights.

As a charter, it is a constituent treaty, and all members are bound by its articles. Article 103 of the Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations.

What is Five Eyes?

It is an intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence.

Origins: It began in 1946 when the United States and the United Kingdom agreed to an open exchange of intelligence on the communications of foreign nations. It was expanded when Canada joined the alliance in 1948, followed by Australia and New Zealand in 1956.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Highlights of the UN Charter.
  2. When it came into force?
  3. Various UN organs.
  4. Meaning of Silence process.
  5. Five eyes.

Sources: the Hindu.