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Decarbonizing Transport Project

Topics Covered: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Decarbonizing Transport Project

Context:

NITI Aayog and the International Transport Forum (ITF) of OECD jointly launched the ‘Decarbonizing Transport in Emerging Economies’ (DTEE) project in India on 24June.

About the project:

The ambitious five-year project will help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios.

  • The project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India.
  • The India project is carried out in the wider context of the International Transport Forum’s Decarbonizing Transport initiative.

Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies (DTEE):

It supports transport decarbonisation across different world regions.

Current participants: India, Argentina, Azerbaijan, and Morocco.

Implementation: The DTEE is collaboration between the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Wuppertal Institute, supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.

How this will help India?

The transport sector of India is the third most greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting sector, where the major contribution comes from the road transport sector.

Out of the total carbon dioxide emissions in India, 13% come from the transport sector. These emissions have more than tripled since 1990.

In India, CO2 emitted per inhabitant was just about a twentieth of that of an average OECD country, yet, India’s transport CO2 emissions are likely to increase by almost 6% annually to 2030.

This project will provide the government with a detailed understanding of current and future transport activity and the related CO2 emissions as a basis for their decision-making.

International Transport Forum (ITF):

It was created in 2006 by ministers from 43 countries.

It is an intergovernmental organisation within the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) with 60 member countries.

It acts as a think tank for transport policy and organises the Annual Summit of transport ministers.

ITF is the only global body that covers all transport modes.

The ITF is administratively integrated with the OECD, yet politically autonomous.

It is headquartered in Paris, France.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is OECD?
  2. What is ITF? Members?
  3. Participants of DTEE.
  4. What is International Climate Initiative (IKI)?
  5. Who organises the annual summit of transport ministers?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of DTEE.

Sources: pib.