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Annual TB Report 2020 released

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

Annual TB Report 2020 released

Context:

The Annual TB Report is prepared and published by the Central TB Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI.

Highlights:

  1. 20.04 lakh notified TB patients in 2019 in India, which is a 14% increase from 2018.
  2. Reduction in the number of missing cases to 2.9 lakh cases as against more than 10 lakhs in 2017.
  3. Private sector notifications increased by 35% with 6.78 lakh TB patients notified.
  4. Proportion of children diagnosed with TB increased to 8% in 2019 compared to 6% in 2018.
  5. Provision of HIV testing for all notified TB patients increased from 67% in 2018 to 81% in 2019.
  6. Expansion of treatment services has resulted in a 12% improvement in the treatment success rate of notified patients. For 2019, it is 81% compared to 69% in 2018.

Nikshay system:

The country is achieving near-complete on-line notification of TB patients through the NIKSHAY system.

  • Nikshay is an information management system that acts like a one-stop solution for managing patients’ information and monitor program activity and performance all over the country.
  • It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country office for India.

National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP):

It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme being implemented under the aegis of the National Health Mission with resource sharing between the State Governments and the Central Government.

The goal of the program is to achieve a TB-free India with zero deaths, disease and poverty due to tuberculosis.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. SDG on TB reduction.
  2. What is NTEP and the goal under it?
  3. About Central TB Division.
  4. Annual TB report is released by?
  5. What is TB? How is it caused?

Mains Link:

“India’s TB report must be seen in light of the country’s slide in Hunger Index”, critically analyse the statement in the light of recently released Annual India Tuberculosis (TB) report.

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Sources: pib.