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Who was Chaolung Sukapha?

Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Who was Chaolung Sukapha?

Why in News?

Assam Chief Minister has ordered the arrest of a Kolkata-based political commentator, Garga Chatterjee, who had described Chaolung Sukapha as a “Chinese invader”.

About Sukapha:

  • He was a 13th-century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries. Contemporary scholars trace his roots to Burma.
  • He is widely referred to as the architect of “Bor Asom” or “greater Assam”.
  • Sukapha is said to have left a place called Maulung in AD 1215 with eight nobles and 9,000 men, women and children — mostly men.
  • It was in Charaideo that Sukapha established his first small principality, sowing the seeds of further expansion of the Ahom kingdom.
  • The founders of the Ahom kingdom had their own language and followed their own religion. Over the centuries, the Ahoms accepted the Hindu religion and the Assamese language.
  • To commemorate Sukapha and his rule, Assam celebrates “Asom Divas” on December 2 every year.


Prelims Link:

  1. Who are Ahoms?
  2. Sukapha- How he expanded his territory?
  3. Significance of Asom Divas.
  4. Geographical location of Assam and neighbouring states.
  5. Where was Maulung?

Mains Link:

Write a note on Chaolung Sukapha and his contributions to the Ahom community.


Sources: Indian Express.