Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. Human-wildlife conflict is increasingly becoming an existential crisis, both for animals and man. Discuss the major reasons for increase in man-animal conflict in India in recent years. What have been major steps undertaken by the government for mitigation of conflict? (250 words)
Reference: The Print
Why the question:
The question is amidst the rising incidents of human-wildlife conflicts being witnessed across the country.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain the major reasons for increase in man-animal conflict in India in recent years. Also discuss the major steps undertaken by the government for mitigation of conflict.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Give some statistics about human-wildlife conflict in India.
Enumerate and explain (in brief because of word limit constraint) reasons for increasing human-wildlife conflict. Then mention the steps taken by the government for conflict mitigation. The question has 2 parts- reasons and solutions. Both of these demand equal weightage in your discussion.
Conclude with efforts of the government that have been successful.