Topic : The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
1. Critically discuss the contributions of Indian capitalist class in the freedom struggle. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question is premised on the role played by the Indian capitalists in the freedom struggle of the country.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the detail critically the contributions of Indian capitalist class in the freedom struggle.
Critically Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
The Indian capitalists’ class was gravely concerned about the drain of Indian wealth by British colonialism. The capitalists, mainly cotton industrialists, jute industrialists, steel manufacturers supported INC and peaceful freedom movements. Leading industrialists were closely associated with INC.
Explain that Indian capitalist class evolved a very complex strategy towards Indian national movement owing to very contradictory forces at play. The Indian capitalist class emerged in 19th century and developed its positive attitude towards national movement. Indian capitalist class was much concern about Drain of Wealth from India to Britain.
British capitalism did not permit Indian enterprise to compete with it. Indian capitalism was therefore weak. Indian cotton industries faced many challenges. However, Indian industrialists stood their ground through their ingenuity and cost reductions.
Discuss various phases in which the capitalists participated, draw attention to the various groups and organisations that were formed.
Conclude with significance of their contributions.