Topic : India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
1. Do you think the diplomatic fallout of the territorial dispute between India and Nepal is likely to be serious, which could lead to difficult days ahead for both countries as well as for the South Asian region? Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The Lower House of Nepal’s Parliament has unanimously voted for the Second Constitution Amendment Bill, which guarantees legal status for the new political map of the country that includes part of Indian Territory in Uttarakhand.
Key Demand of the question:
One must discuss the ongoing issue between India and Nepal and the repercussions of the same on the bilateral relations of the two as well as upon the entire south Asian region.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss briefly the background of the territorial dispute between the two countries.
Explain the territorial dispute in detail , The territorial dispute stems from the fact that Nepal claims the land to the east of river Kali, which forms the country’s western border. Nepal claims right to the region and says India was allowed to station troops there in the 1950s and that India has refused to remove forces from the region ever since. Discuss India’s contention to the claims made by Nepal. The current development will lead to further complicating the Indo-Nepal border negotiations as Foreign Secretaries or senior envoys have no right to negotiate on the provisions of Nepal’s Constitution.
The diplomatic fallout of the territorial dispute is likely to be serious, which could lead to difficult days ahead for Nepal-India Relations as well as for the South Asian region.