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“The Constitution avoids the tight mold of federalism and could be both unitary as well as federal according to the requirements of time and circumstances.” Discuss in the current context.

Topic : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. “The Constitution avoids the tight mold of federalism and could be both unitary as well as federal according to the requirements of time and circumstances.” Discuss in the current context. (250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of federalism as enshrined in the Indian constitution and its uniqueness.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the statement in question with its contextual understanding applied to the current pandemic conditions.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief introduction about the meaning of Federalism.

Body:

The body of the answer must capture the following dimensions – Explain that Federalism is a system of government in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and constituent political units, such as states or provinces. A discussion on Indian Federalism and how its avoids the tight mold of Federalism having both Federal and Unitary features  Examining the flexibility of Indian Federalism according to change in circumstances and time. Explain the case of federalism applied to current conditions in the country discuss various issues. And suggest measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such a model unique to India.