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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 4 June 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

1. Analyse the recent brutal incident of George Floyd’s Death and explain how it has opened up racism wounds across the world. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why the question:

Protesters have marched in the US for a week over the death of George Floyd at the hands of a police officer. Thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer demands the explanation for the wounds of racism that has opened up recently due to the brutal incident that occurred in the US.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The United States is facing nationwide protests over the death of an African American George Floyd.

Body:

In the answer body one must examine the roots of racism in the United States and reasons why it still persists today. The racial discrimination in us is 300 years old.  Explain the roots emerged amidst incidents like:
– legitimization of slavery by early European immigrants.
-Income inequalities and merciless treatment of African and Latin communities.
-civil rights movement in 1960s led to the creation of white supremacists in society.

Reasons for its persistence include:
-financial crisis deepening the lack of jobs and opportunities like downsizing etc.
-loopholes in law enforcement controlling such incidents.
-Ideological biases and conservative attitude of few sections of society against blacks or whites for example neo-Nazi, anti-Semitic, white supremacists etc.
-Major influx of migrants creating job losses to natives.
-business class supporting pro-migrants rules for a cheaper labour availability.
-Parochial mindset limiting the accommodative character pertinent for a prosperous society.
-Racial discrimination under the garb of vote bank politics further aggravates the situation deepening the chasm further.

Discuss how now it has raked the entire world against the wounds of racism.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

2. Discuss the possible intensive bilateral political and institutional engagements that can happen between Delhi and Canberra. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article brings to us a detailed narration of the possible relations that India and Australia can focus now amidst the Covid situation.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the prospects of India and Australia bilateral as well as possible multilateral relations.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the virtual summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Australian premier, Scott Morrison which happened last week, is an important part of Delhi’s current diplomatic effort to plug that big gap in India’s diplomatic tradition.

Body:

Discuss first the possible prospects that Australia has to offer India – Australia is rich in natural resources that India’s growing economy needs. It also has huge reservoirs of strength in higher education, scientific and technological research. In the global diplomatic arena, Australia punches way above its weight. Its armed forces, hardened by international combat, are widely respected. Canberra’s intelligence establishment is valued in many parts of the world. Australia has deep economic, political and security connections with the ASEAN and a strategic partnership with one of the leading non-aligned nations, Indonesia. Discuss the role of India towards Australia; explain the prospects of bilateral engagements between the two.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is only by building a series of overlapping bilateral and minilateral platforms for regional security cooperation that Delhi and Canberra can limit the dangers of the growing geopolitical imbalance in the Indo-Pacific.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. Examine the need and prospects of making research in health sector self-reliant in the country. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article talks about the need and prospects of investments and adherence to the policy of self-reliance in the health sector.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the need and prospects of making research in health sector self-reliant in the country.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the current Covid situation and highlight in what all possible aspects it has put heavy pressure on the present healthcare system.

Body:

Explain first in what way the pandemic has transformed the global health landscape. Discuss then the importance of vaccines; explain why we need self-reliance in this domain.

Take hints from the article and explain the relevance of having an enabling ecosystem for development of vaccines, studies on new diseases etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that  It is time the government, technical experts and private companies ensure that these researchers have access to the resources and tools that can make India truly atmanirbhar.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

4. Discuss the challenge of law enforcement post-COVID-19 across the world and in India specifically. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks about the challenge of law enforcement post-COVID-19 across the world and in India specifically.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the challenge of law enforcement post-COVID-19 across the world and in India specifically.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by suggesting facts that COVID-19 has turned the world upside down. There is hardly any aspect of our life that has been left untouched by the pandemic. In a society struck by a deadly virus, strict maintenance of public order is most essential. Only then can those affected by the disease be looked after and given the best medical care.

Body:

Explain the following factors in detail –

  • Law enforcement is as important as healthcare during the current crisis.
  • The police have been endowed with the task of ensuring strict observance of guidelines; include physical distancing during the lockdown phase.
  • COVID-19 will affect future law enforcement, which will require the management of new patterns of crime.
  • Explain the change in the numbers (of the crimes), highlight the new trends in the crime.
  • The pandemic and the lockdown have ensured that many crimes have gone down. However, many other crimes have gone up or will assume new forms in the near future.

As India enters the unlock mode, it is critical that law-enforcement officials think of ways of dealing with new challenges in maintaining law and order.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the COVID experience provides an important lesson for the law enforcement agencies. An active police-public relation can be a critical building block for future.

 

Topic : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

5. Analyze the detrimental effect of the new cold war on multilateralism and elucidate on India’s role and opportunity in such a scenario. (250 words)

Reference : The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the detrimental effect of the new cold war on multilateralism and articulates India’s role and opportunity in such a scenario.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss the nuances of the new cold war, in what way it is a threat to multilateralism and what are the opportunities for India amidst such a situation and what should India do.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the current situation facing the world.

Body:

Explain the nuances of new cold war, role of China, US and the other key countries. Discuss why the clashes between these countries are leading to cold war and how that in turn is becoming a threat to multilateralism. Explain if the clash between the U.S. and China marks a seismic shift within the UN system. Discuss what should India’s role be, the world is questioning both the U.S.’ and China’s exceptionalism. Hence, for India, the strategic issue is neither adjustment to China’s power nor deference to U.S. leadership. In the new cold war, defined by technology and trade, not territory, non-alignment is an uncertain option; India should craft a global triumvirate. By proposing an alternative structure, India would not have to choose between the emerging power centres.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward for multilateralism.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. Analyse the big picture of India’s Strategic Oil Reserves and Energy Security. (250 words)

Reference: live mint 

Why the question:

The question is straightforward and is about analyzing the current conditions of India’s Strategic Oil Reserves and Energy Security.

Key Demand of the question:

Present detailed analysis of India’s Strategic Oil Reserves and Energy Security.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India, the world’s third largest crude oil importer has an existing storage capacity of 5.3 million tonnes at Visakhapatnam, Mangaluru and Paadoor, built at an investment of $600 million in the first phase.

Body:

This is operational and can support 9.5 days of net imports. In addition, the government has approved the construction of an additional 6.5 million tonnes of strategic crude oil reserves. Strategic crude oil reserves, which are typically state-funded and meant to tackle emergency situations, allow a country to tide over short-term supply disruptions.

The rout of crude oil to multi-year lows presents India with a great opportunity to fill up its storage and strategic petroleum reserves (SPRs). Storing oil now at low prices will enhance the country’s energy security, given its high import dependency.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Discuss the philosophical and moral issues thrown by the Covid-19 pandemic and the way life needs to be lived henceforth. (250 words)

Reference:  you tube 

Why the question:

Recently Vice President Venkaiah Naidu has underlined the need to adopt new ways of living in the times of coronavirus and suggested a framework for this “new normal” to deal with the virus. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

In detail discuss the philosophical and moral issues thrown by the Covid-19 pandemic and the way life needs to be lived henceforth.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by bringing out the fact that corona has exposed the entire world to newer challenges.

Body:

The answer body must analyse in depth the life after corona and its social impact. Explain and elucidate upon the fact that life cannot be lived in isolation and the virus outbreak highlighted the inter-connectedness of lives. Discuss the significance of moral issues that have aroused due to the current situation, suggest what needs to be done to address them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible solutions.