Topic : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
5. Analyze the detrimental effect of the new cold war on multilateralism and elucidate on India’s role and opportunity in such a scenario. (250 words)
Reference : The Hindu
Why the question:
The article analyzes the detrimental effect of the new cold war on multilateralism and articulates India’s role and opportunity in such a scenario.
Key Demand of the question:
One must discuss the nuances of the new cold war, in what way it is a threat to multilateralism and what are the opportunities for India amidst such a situation and what should India do.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the current situation facing the world.
Explain the nuances of new cold war, role of China, US and the other key countries. Discuss why the clashes between these countries are leading to cold war and how that in turn is becoming a threat to multilateralism. Explain if the clash between the U.S. and China marks a seismic shift within the UN system. Discuss what should India’s role be, the world is questioning both the U.S.’ and China’s exceptionalism. Hence, for India, the strategic issue is neither adjustment to China’s power nor deference to U.S. leadership. In the new cold war, defined by technology and trade, not territory, non-alignment is an uncertain option; India should craft a global triumvirate. By proposing an alternative structure, India would not have to choose between the emerging power centres.
Conclude with way forward for multilateralism.