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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 June 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

1. Do you think introduction of unconditional regular pay checks at maximum universality, at least till the economy normalizes is the need of the hour? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why This Question:

The article talks about the utility of universal basic income concept and its relevance amidst current situation.

Key Demand of the question:

Answer must analyse in what way the option of offering unconditional regular pay checks at maximum universality, at least till the economy normalizes is the need of the hour.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction

Explain the context of the economic crisis brought by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Body

The lockdown in place to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in economic misery to a large section of the population. The migrant laborers have been adversely affected by the lockdown measures.

With almost 90% of India’s workforce in the informal sector without minimum wages or social security, the economic circumstances will be worse in India than compared to developed countries.

Explain slowing world growth, discuss the employment woes in the country and suggest how the idea of universal basic income can be of great help to tackle the situation.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. Has the American civil rights movement lost relevance with Black citizens facing multiple pandemics in the country? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why This Question:

The article talks about the recent race tragedy that occurred in America and how Race shows up pathology of its ideals and policies in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the situation in America with respect to the black citizens facing multiple pandemics.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining that the explosion of protest, violence, rioting, curfews and brutal police crackdowns in the wake of George Floyd’s suffocation by police in Minneapolis is another chapter in the long history of American democracy.

Body

Explain American civil rights movement, mass protest movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern United States that came to national prominence during the mid-1950s. This movement had its roots in the centuries-long efforts of African slaves and their descendants to resist racial oppression and abolish the institution of slavery. Discuss the sufferings of the blacks in the country. Take hints from the article and explain the ills of the situation and suggest what the need of the hour is.

Conclusion

Conclude with suggestions as what needs to be done.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. The Indian healthcare system needs to go through a radical overhauling, to become more sustainable as well as responsive. Examine (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why This Question:

The article talks about the necessary reforms required in the health system that have been exposed by the Covid crisis.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the radical overhauling that is required in the health care system of the country to ensure it becomes more sustainable and responsive.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction

Discuss the current situation that has exposed the lacunae in the Indian health care system.

Body

One must remember that the question is not pertaining only to the pressures posed by the corona crisis on the healthcare system, and its about the loopholes in the system that have been prevalent over decades. Give suitable examples of the past that has repeatedly hinted at the lack of physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, doctors etc. List in detail the issues. Discuss suggestions to address these problems such as role of private sector, NGOs etc. role of the government.  

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security.

4. What are the reformative steps taken by the government to make food grain distribution system more effective? (250 words)

Reference: Previous Year UPSC CSE question

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the reformative steps taken by the government to make food grain distribution system more effective.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction

The Public Distribution System (PDS) under Food Security Act is one of the major initiatives taken by the government to address one of basic needs of the citizens. Over the years various steps have been taken to make the initiative more efficient.

Body

One can directly start by explaining steps taken by the government to make PDS efficient. Explain the policies of linking of Aadhaar, Biometric system integration, Portable ration card, Home delivery system etc. Explain the importance of making the distribution system more effective, its impact on overall economy.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance.

 

Topic:  role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges . Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

5. Many of the ills of social media today can be tackled by inculcating right behavior in the people and by bringing awareness of right attitude. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint 

Why This Question:

The article very well talks about the current issues being faced and posed by the social media and the role of attitude and behaviour in dealing with the ills of it.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how ills of social media today can be tackled by inculcating right behaviour in the people and by bringing awareness of right attitude.

Directive:        

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction:

Information and communication technology has changed rapidly over the past 20 years with a key development being the emergence of social media.

Body

First explain how Social media is being used in ways that shape politics, business, world culture, education, careers, innovation, and more. Discuss the impact of social media in general; explain how attitude and behaviour of people often shape the ideologies through these mediums. Explain that responsible behaviour online could be inculcated by generating awareness across India.

Conclusion

Conclude with need to recognise the importance of generating awareness and inculcating right attitude and behaviour in the people to overcome these ills.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. The fate of the earth depends upon our collective consciousness, Discuss the importance of collective consciousness amidst the Covid situation. (250 words)

Reference: Economic Times 

Why This Question:

The author talks about importance of collective consciousness.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of collective consciousness and its implications in general on a society and world at large in multiple dimensions.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction

Explain the current situation and in what way it has exposed the whole world to pandemic.

Body

Start by explaining the concept of collective consciousness, French sociologist Emile Durkheim says collective consciousness means a set of beliefs, ideas and moral attitudes common as per social norms of the times. The fate of the earth depends upon our collective consciousness. All life forms have interactive roles to play. What an individual creature thinks or acts has a bearing on itself and others. Take hints from the article and elaborate on the necessary dimensions.

Conclusion :

Conclude with importance of collective consciousness.

 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. “The lives of great reformers reflect ideals which though great are hard to follow”. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  G Subbarao and P N Chowdhary

Why This Question:

The question talks about the difficulties of practicing ideals of great reformers.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the phrase “the lives of great reformers reflect ideals which though great are hard to follow” in detail and its significance.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the Answer:

Introduction:

Start by quoting contributions of great reformers to the society.

Body:

The question is direct, one has to quote examples or present case studies of various great reformers and leaders who have set great ideals that are difficult to follow yet not impossible. One can quote the contributions of Raja Ram mohan roy, Jyotibha Phule, B R Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi etc.

Conclusion

Conclude that though it is difficult to follow the ideals of the reformers its not impossible.