Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 May 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:   Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

1. In the context of new social movements of Independent India , Discuss the key features of the New Farmer’s movements.(250 words)

Reference: India After Independence Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of the New Farmer’s movements in the Modern India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to highlight the specifics of new social movements of independent India and discuss the key features of the New Farmer’s movements.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what constituted new social movements in the independent India.

Body:

Emerging in 1970s and gaining farther momentum in 1980s, the farmers’ movement in India has exposed some newer contradictions of Indian agrarian society. Discuss the key features of these movements in the country.
Pan Indian scope, In contrast to the pre- 1950 peasant movements, which were largely region or district specific or at best had one or two states as their field of operation, the farmers’ movement of the 1970s and 80s has drawn their support, though not well coordinated always, from the farmers all over India except few states like Kerala, West Bengal and the North- East. Hence, farmers’ movement has an almost universal presence throughout the length and breadth of the  country. Uniformity of demands, Common strategies of agitation etc. Discuss specific movements and their leadership.

Conclusion:
Conclude by highlight their significance and their importance even as of today.

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Discuss specific challenges that were witnessed especially during the integration of North-East India post-independence.(250 words)

Reference:  India After Independence Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is specific to the challenges faced during integration of North-East India post-independence.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail what were the challenges faced integration of North-East India post-independence.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain in short the context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining how the regional aspirations of the North-East became the focal point of the north-east and gained prominence in the 80’s. Explain/list down the various challenges of North-east that were against the cause of Integration such as demand for autonomy, movements against outsiders, secessionist movements etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the recent movements too and that even after integration the region remains still disconnected from the mainland in many terms.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. Do you agree that the COVID-19 situation across the world has opened up pressures and Opportunities for Quad plus in the African continent? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The question is based on the article that discusses the opportunities that the present Covid situation throws at the Quad-Plus in harnessing the potential of the African content.

Key demand of the question:

Students have to discuss in detail the possible pressures and Opportunities for Quad plus in the African continent.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon the current situation across the world in a line or two.

Body:

Start by explaining how the pandemic is a colossal challenge but it may create opportunities to deepen India’s engagement with Africa. Discuss the India’s engagement with Africa, elucidate upon the Quad plus and its role currently in the African continent. Take hints from the article and draw positives as well as the possible challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Evaluate the constitutional right of freedom of trade for Indian farmers. Do you think their freedom to market their produce at a place of their choice has been compromised in the country? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question aims to evaluate the constitutional right of freedom of trade for Indian farmers and its true realization in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the issues farmers have been facing in realizing their constitutional right of freedom of trade.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by discussing importance of Freedom for farmers to trade their produce.

Body:

Indian Farmers sell their products at Local Market, APMC, and MSP. Explain in what way the Essential commodities Act, 1955 and APMC Acts of States are the major reasons for the decline of rights of Farmers to sell their produce at the price of their choice. Mention the difficulties faced by farmers initially, acts hindering their marketing freedom. Suggest solutions to address the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Disaster and disaster management.

5. Locust invasion can inflict destruction on the lives of thousands of farmers in the country. Discuss the essential measures to combat the pest attack to avert losses. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The threat of locusts, which have invaded vast swathes of land in Rajasthan and entered neighboring Madhya Pradesh, is bigger this year in comparison with the damage caused to standing crops in a limited area in 2019.Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the issue of Locust invasion and suggest measures to be taken to address the possible losses that they may cause to the agrarian system in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start with facts such as – The tropical grasshoppers have been crossing over to India via Pakistan’s Sindh province since April 2020.

Body:

In short talk about the locust storms in general, their onset every year and why it is different this year. Discuss what have been the challenges due to it this year, what it means to farmers and agriculture and food system vis-à-vis security of the country. Suggest what needs to be done to overcome the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  ethical issues in international relations and funding

6. At the international level, the bilateral relations between most nations are governed on the policy of promoting one’s own national interest without any Regard for the interest of other nations. This leads to conflicts and tensions Between the nations. How can ethical consideration help resolve such Tensions? Evaluate with specific examples.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is premised on the theme of ethics in international relations.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the relevance of ethical considerations in resolving the conflicts and tensions at the international and bilateral relations.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define first the nuances of the question.

Body:

Explain that in the quest or pursuit of nations’ interests’ morality and ethics often take the backseat. However it’s important for the modern nations to moderate their positions so as to avoid conflicts and bloodshed. One can give recent examples from the bilateral or international relations, may be one involving India ad depict the significance of ethics.

Conclusion:

Conclude that ethics and morality cannot be ignored when the stakes of the entire world are put across.

 

Topic:  Right to Information

7. Some critics argue that because of the RTI Act senior officers have stopped recording their views frankly on files. Discuss this view.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G SubbaRao and P N Chowdhary

Why this question:

The question is based on the lop sides of the RTI Act and in what way it has loopholes that have led to incomplete realization of transparency and accountability in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain and highlight the loopholes in the RTI Act of the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining the context of RTI Act in the country.

Body:

RTI Act mainly aims at transparency and making government information public. Discuss why it is still being criticized; list down the points that have led to the compromise of the views of the senior RTI officials. Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these loopholes. What actions need to be taken?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.