Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
1. In the context of new social movements of Independent India , Discuss the key features of the New Farmer’s movements.(250 words)
Reference: India After Independence Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of the New Farmer’s movements in the Modern India.
Key demand of the question:
One has to highlight the specifics of new social movements of independent India and discuss the key features of the New Farmer’s movements.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining what constituted new social movements in the independent India.
Emerging in 1970s and gaining farther momentum in 1980s, the farmers’ movement in India has exposed some newer contradictions of Indian agrarian society. Discuss the key features of these movements in the country.
Pan Indian scope, In contrast to the pre- 1950 peasant movements, which were largely region or district specific or at best had one or two states as their field of operation, the farmers’ movement of the 1970s and 80s has drawn their support, though not well coordinated always, from the farmers all over India except few states like Kerala, West Bengal and the North- East. Hence, farmers’ movement has an almost universal presence throughout the length and breadth of the country. Uniformity of demands, Common strategies of agitation etc. Discuss specific movements and their leadership.
Conclude by highlight their significance and their importance even as of today.