Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. Though India’s overall contribution to global climate change is meager, yet it is one of the major countries affected by climate change. In this backdrop, critically analyse major initiatives undertaken by the government for combating climate change?(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the current conditions of global climate change.
Key demand of the question:
One has to critically analyse major initiatives undertaken by the government for combating climate change.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly give statistics supporting how India’s overall contribution to global climate change is small.
To start with, List down major initiatives of Indian government for climate action. For example- NDCs at Paris Agreement, NAPCC, ISA etc. The question also asks to critically examine them, thus students must essentially examine whether India is on the right track of fulfilling its climate targets.
Conclude by discussing how the current global efforts are inadequate (recall the UNEP Emissions Gap Report) and all countries, especially developed ones, need to ramp up efforts based on the principle of CBDR.