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What do you understand by Open Skies Treaty? Explain What US departure could mean for it?

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. What do you understand by Open Skies Treaty? Explain What US departure could mean for it?(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

Recently, the United States of America (USA) has announced that it will exit the Open Skies Treaty (OST) due to continuous violation of the treaty by Russia and changes in the security environment. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the open skies treaty in detail and bring out the possible consequences of US departing from it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the open skies treaty.

Body:

To start with, explain that it is an agreement that allows its 34 signatories countries to monitor arm development by conducting surveillance flights (unarmed) over each other’s territories.t was signed in 1992 and came into effect in 2002. Therefore, the treaty established an aerial surveillance system for its participants. Discuss the possible outcomes of US’s withdrawal and its impact on other countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.