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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

1. It is time for the Government to intervene in publicity of local products and strengthen rural-urban linkages and promote much needed non-farm employment, Discuss.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu Business Line 

Why this question:

The question is based on the article that highlights the importance of local products to strengthen the rural –urban linkages.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the current crisis facing the non-farm employment sector; discuss how local products can be game changers.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current situation.

Body:

To start with, explain why the Covid crisis has hit the non-far employees badly. Explain the link of local products to various aspects of rural life and in what way it can lead to strengthening of rural-urban links. What steps should be taken by the government. Talk about GI tags to the rural products, taken hints from the article and give relevant examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

2. What do you understand by Open Skies Treaty? Explain What US departure could mean for it?(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

Recently, the United States of America (USA) has announced that it will exit the Open Skies Treaty (OST) due to continuous violation of the treaty by Russia and changes in the security environment. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the open skies treaty in detail and bring out the possible consequences of US departing from it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the open skies treaty.

Body:

To start with, explain that it is an agreement that allows its 34 signatories countries to monitor arm development by conducting surveillance flights (unarmed) over each other’s territories.t was signed in 1992 and came into effect in 2002. Therefore, the treaty established an aerial surveillance system for its participants. Discuss the possible outcomes of US’s withdrawal and its impact on other countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. Account for the current water crisis in India and suggest what India can learn from other countries. (250 words)

Reference:  thewaterproject.org 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to assess the current water crisis in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain current water crisis in India and suggest what India can learn from other countries.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Every year 2 lac Indians due to inadequate access to safe water while 600 million face extreme water stress.

Body:

With the rise in climatic changes, this issue is likely to get complicated in the coming future. The monsoon Rains have become more erratic and droughts becoming common thereby threatening harvest of farmers. It can cripple the livelihoods of an agricultural dominant country where 80% of water is used to irrigate crops like rice and sugarcane. The country’s demand is likely to be twice of its supply, resulting in severe water scarcity of millions of people. Explain in detail the current situation. Give examples for efficient water management. Highlight recent steps taken by India. Suggest what lessons we can take from other countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Discuss the Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment and bring out  its procedure.(250 words)

Reference:  Environment by Shankar IAS

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what EIA is, what its objectives are and bring out its procedure in detail.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

Body:

To start with, explain the history of EIA in India. The Indian experience with Environmental Impact Assessment began over 20 years back. It started in 1976-77 when the Planning Commission asked the Department of Science and Technology to examine the river-valley projects from an environmental angle. Then move onto discuss the objectives of EIA in detail. Highlight the procedure involved step by step and assert upon its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5. The current Covid situation brings to us the point that Smart Cities Mission must now pivot towards health. Comment.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The question is based on the article that highlights the concerns associated with smart cities and lack of due importance to health infrastructure in it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain why Smart cities mission must at least now have pivot towards Health as one of the primary pillars in the mission.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the smart cities mission and its objectives.

Body:

To start with, explain first in what way Smart Cities Mission, which was to approach urban planning creatively, perpetuates the traditional neglect of health. Explain the need for the mission to acknowledge the importance of health as the substrate of productivity. Suggest reasons as to why health should be made one of the primary pillars of the mission.

Conclusion:

Conclude with reforms and suggestions for the policy.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

6. No amount of marketing reforms will lead to higher price realisation for farmers if the underlying macroeconomic conditions are unfavourable to agriculture and farmers. Do you agree? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

Announcement of reforms in agricultural marketing, under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan economic stimulus package. The three proposed reforms regarding agricultural marketing are the reforms in the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) Act, the Essential Commodities Act, and on contract farming.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of recognising the macroeconomic conditions for the farmers to have higher price realization in the country.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current situation owing to the COVID times and its impact on agriculture.

Body:

To start with, explain that no amount of marketing reforms will lead to higher price realization for farmers if the underlying macroeconomic conditions are unfavorable to agriculture and farmers. Suggest that the government should increase fiscal spending to revive demand in the economy which would help protect the farmers from the decline in commodity prices. This has become even more necessary after the sharp decline in incomes, job losses and decline in demand following the lockdown and expected contraction in economic activity for the year ahead. Bring out the fallacies in the move and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to the problem.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

7. Define attitude. What is the process through which attitudes are formed? Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

Question is based on the concept of ‘Attitude’ and the processes through which it is formed.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what you understand by attitude.

Body:

An attitude is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavor. Attitude has three components: cognitive, affective and conative or behavioural. Explain these components in detail and quote examples as and when required to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it.