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Discuss the Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment and bring out  its procedure.

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Discuss the Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment and bring out  its procedure.(250 words)

Reference:  Environment by Shankar IAS

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what EIA is, what its objectives are and bring out its procedure in detail.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

Body:

To start with, explain the history of EIA in India. The Indian experience with Environmental Impact Assessment began over 20 years back. It started in 1976-77 when the Planning Commission asked the Department of Science and Technology to examine the river-valley projects from an environmental angle. Then move onto discuss the objectives of EIA in detail. Highlight the procedure involved step by step and assert upon its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.