Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
7.What are the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics? elaborate.(250 words)
Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV and aims to bring out the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics.
Key demand of the question:
One has to discuss in detail the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly start by explaining the fact that the term “Hinduism” encompasses an incredibly diverse array of beliefs and practices.
To start with, discuss principles like asteya (nonstealing), satya (truthfulness), arjhava (honesty) and daya (compassion) in detail. Explain the concept of Dharma – The dharma in Hinduism is coextensive with morality. Dharma in the Vedas refers to the highest truth and power and it is very much understood as the performance of Vedic sacrifices and other rituals in the Vedas and Dharmasastras. So Dharma is understood in Vedas as duty par-excellence. Discuss other aspects such as karma,moksha etc in detail.
Conclude with importance of such positive morals even today.