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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 May 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Discuss the impact of western disturbances on the Indian weather systems.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the impact of western disturbances on the Indian weather systems.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what you understand by Western disturbances – weather phenomena of the winter months brought in by the westerly flow from the Mediterranean region.

Body:

To start with, explain the western disturbances as a geographical phenomenon and its main effect on Indian weather systems. Then discuss the areas of its origin and influence and briefly explain its mechanism, it can also be illustrated in a suitable diagram. Explain the impact of western disturbances on India in various dimensions like climate, agriculture and disasters associated with it.

Conclusion:

Western Disturbances is a complex weather phenomenon and has profound impact on climate and agriculture of India. It is also a source of a number of natural disasters that occur every year in India causing huge loss of lives and property. Thus, western disturbances need to be studied in much more detail

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. In the backdrop of recent border conflicts between India and China, examine the contributing factors for the border stand-offs. Evaluate the ongoing boundary negotiations and the outlook of a resolution for the same.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is amidst the rising tensions on the India-China border.

Key demand of the question:

One has to examine the causative factors for the border stand offs between India and China and present a detailed evaluation of the ongoing boundary negotiations and the resolution that lies ahead.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current situation between India and China at the borders.

Body:

Start with a brief backgrounder – Border skirmishes have been reported in at least four different locations along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Pangong lake in Ladakh, Naku La in Sikkim, the Galwan valley in Ladakh and in Demchok. Then explain what the causes for the standoff have been. Highlight the recent boundary negotiations. Discuss the associated concerns, take hint from the article.

Conclusion:

Conclude that there is a need to follow the principles agreed to in the previous agreements between the two countries which call for “mutual and equal security” in border negotiations. The most realistic solution will involve only minor adjustments along the LAC.

 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. Evaluate the idea of merging state and central income support schemes as a comprehensive approach that can cover landless laborers, farmers, and poor consumers.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express 

Why this question:

The question is based on the article authored by Ashok Gulati, who discusses the idea of merging state and central income support schemes as a comprehensive approach to solve the current crisis facing the agrarian sector.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the benefits of the comprehensive approach as suggested by the author in the article, discuss how it can benefit the landless laborers, farmers, and poor consumers.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by bringing out the inherent issues facing the sector, issues with realizing the goal of effective cash transfers.

Body:

Highlight the present challenges with the income packages that have been offered by the centre and the state governments differently. Explain why there is a need to unify the two and come up with a comprehensive package. Discuss the possibilities of merging income support schemes like PM-KISAN at the Centre and at state levels, as well as MGNREGA, on one hand, and price-subsidy schemes like food and fertilizer subsidies at the Centre and power subsidy at the state level.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such idea.

 

Topic:  Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

4.“Civil society, and voluntary and non-government organisations constitute the backbone of the collective articulation of citizen interest in a democracy”, Analyse the statement applied to the current COVID times.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article brings to us the importance of Civil society, and voluntary and non-government organisations in preserving the interests of citizens in a democracy.

Key demand of the question:

One has to account for the present Covid situation and the role of Civil society, and voluntary and non-government organisations amidst it.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current situation facing the entire country and the world.

Body:

To start with, explain that the biggest source of strength now is the partnerships amidst nature and scale of the crisis which the COVID-19 pandemic has led us to. Then talk about the role being played by NGOs in the country. An outstanding contribution of NGOs was in developing communication strategies in different vernaculars which went a long way in taking awareness measures to the community level. Explain that the crisis has brought out the best in the start-up space. Many of them have risen to the occasion and accelerated the development of low cost, scalable, and quick solutions. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that civil society, and voluntary and non-government organisations constitute the backbone of the collective articulation of citizen interest in a democracy. As facilitators, mediators, and advocators of this interest, they have put people before everything else during this crisis. 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. What are the biggest challenges facing online education today? How do you overcome challenges in online learning?(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article talks about Indian education sector switching gears to the online education system amidst the Covid times.

Key demand of the question:

One has to evaluate the challenges facing the e-learning aspects of education in India today and what solutions need to be figured out to address the same.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current scenario of education across the world.

Body:

To start with, explain that It shouldn’t have taken a global pandemic for Indian education to explore online teaching and learning. Challenges lie ahead. Explain that Comparing face-to-face learning with online learning brings forth significant deficiencies in the online mode such as lack of human connect, absence of opportunities of collaborative learning, teacher supervision and the most glaring being lack of opportunities for hands-on learning in complex subjects such as science.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address these key concerns.

 

Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Cloud applications have become a necessity for business continuity in today’s world, do you agree? Comment.(250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why this question:

The article talks about ever rising use of cloud applications to all the business communities.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of cloud applications in today’s world with special focus on their importance to business communities.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what cloud applications are.

Body:

Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. Today it has become more important than ever for the organisations to have a strong foundation in place for their business systems as there are challenges pertaining to business continuity, cash-flow, and supply-chain. Explain why it has become essential to the Businesses of today.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such a technology.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7.What are the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics? elaborate.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV and aims to bring out the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss in detail the positive moral principles which can be derived from Hindu ethics.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly start by explaining the fact that the term “Hinduism” encompasses an incredibly diverse array of beliefs and practices.

Body:

To start with, discuss principles like asteya (nonstealing), satya (truthfulness), arjhava (honesty) and daya (compassion) in detail. Explain the concept of Dharma – The dharma in Hinduism is coextensive with morality. Dharma in the Vedas refers to the highest truth and power and it is very much understood as the performance of Vedic sacrifices and other rituals in the Vedas and Dharmasastras. So Dharma is understood in Vedas as duty par-excellence. Discuss other aspects such as karma,moksha etc in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such positive morals even today.