Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
5. The complexities in any disaster are associated with social, cultural, economic and political forces; in this context do you think the disaster risk management must thus look beyond the conventional phases of disaster risk management? Examine.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of disaster risk management.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the complexities associated with any disaster, bring out that the association is not always just about vulnerability or risk associated with a hazard but is also with social, cultural, economic and political forces and thus there is need to thus look beyond the conventional phases of disaster risk management.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what constitutes a disaster.
To start with, explain how the disasters are associated with social, cultural, economic and political forces. One can provide for examples to substantiate better. Explain how disasters are not linear and that they may overlap and occur simultaneously. Highlight the need to consider the fact of moving beyond the conventional definition and recognize these factors in reducing the risks associated with disasters.
Conclude with importance and suggest way forward.