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Kalapani and Lipulekh pass have emerged as the latest and ugly flashpoints between India and Nepal. Explain and Trace the border dispute between India and Nepal.

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. Kalapani and Lipulekh pass have emerged as the latest and ugly flashpoints between India and Nepal. Explain and Trace the border dispute between India and Nepal.(250 words)

Reference:  thediplomat.com 

Why this question:

An official map of Nepal claiming Kalapani, Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh, and susta as part of their sovereign territory is termed as “Artificial” and unacceptable by India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the border disputes between India and Nepal highlight the recent flashpoints, analyse and explain.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the recent flashpoints between India and Nepal.

Body:

To start with, discuss the background of India-Nepal border issues from past to present. Both India and Nepal claim Kalapani as an integral part of their territory – India as part of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district and Nepal as part of Dharchula district. The Lipulekh pass is a far western point near Kalapani, a disputed border area between Nepal and India. Nepali diplomatic sources maintain that the region of Kalapani and the contiguous areas to the east of the river Kali and Susta on the Uttar Pradesh-Bihar border are the only parts of the nearly 1,800-km boundary that remain unresolved. The area of Susta near Gorakhpur can also be noted in the new map. Kathmandu says India has encroached upon this area and wants New Delhi to evacuate its population from the location.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the problem.