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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 May 2020

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How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. What are the key problems in implementing social security for women especially in the informal sector? Discuss the need to address the social security aspects in the country with special focus on women.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author in the article brings to us a detailed view of the social security lacunae in the informal sector and specially emphasizes on its negative effects on women.

Key demand of the question:

Explain first the key problems in implementing social security for women especially in the informal sector and the need to address the social security aspects in the country with special focus on women.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain first the scenario of social security in the country.

Body:

To start with, explain the issues in scheme and policy implementation with respect to women in the informal sector. Explain the disadvantages – as women, as poor, informal workers and as members of the socially disadvantaged castes and communities that predominate the informal sector and that they have very limited or no social protection. Discuss what aspects have been ignored so far in terms of social security – health aspects, community participation, childcare etc. Highlight the urgent need to focus on social security aspects especially for women. List initiatives that are targeting this dimension.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the need to urgently recognize the importance of social security for the informal sector and that too with a special focus for women.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations. Terrorism

2. Present a detailed analysis as to how Pakistan is both possibly the leading perpetrator of terrorism and also a victim of terrorism.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The author of the article analyses how Pakistan is both possibly the leading perpetrator of terrorism and also a victim of terrorism. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Present a detailed analysis as to how Pakistan is both possibly the leading perpetrator of terrorism and also a victim of terrorism; support your answer with suitable facts.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the issue of Terrorism in the region and the world over.

Body:

Many of the current terrorist groups were deliberately created by the Pakistani state to serve its purposes. The Pakistani state has involved itself in a deliberate policy of creating and fostering terrorist groups in order to engage in low intensity warfare with its neighbors. Discuss the recent cases that are evident and signify the perpetration of Terrorism in Pakistan. Explain then the threats of terrorism to Pakistan itself. Discuss what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the terrorist threat emanating from Pakistan poses risks not only for its immediate neighborhood and the Pakistani state itself, but the whole world at large.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Examine the legal landscape of the response to the COVID-19 threat in India with a specific focus on the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the flaws associated with the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 that has been put in action to deal with the pandemic situation in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Students must examine the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, its legal landscape, relevance in today’s times.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Recently, there have been calls to update this colonial law as it does not provide guidelines to the states to act to prevent and mitigate epidemics. On the other hand, experts with experience of working within the government seem to believe that the law is appropriate and does not require any changes.

Body:

Discuss here in detail the role of the Act within the legal framework of COVID-19 response. Explain the elements of the COVID-19 response examine the framework that the Epidemic Diseases Act provides, point out the lacunae. Discuss the pros and cons; suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, And Railways etc.

4. Deliberate on the problems in railway infrastructure in the country and also discuss the efforts of the government to resolve the issues in this direction.(250 words)

Reference:  Business Today 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on topics from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the problems in railway infrastructure in the country and the the efforts of the government to resolve the issues in this direction.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by presenting some key facts highlighting the expanse of the railway infrastructure.

Body:

List down the key problems – The quality of service provided leaves scope for substantial improvement in many areas. The average speed of trains is much lower than in other comparable countries. Railway safety is also an issue. The entire system is in urgent need of modernization. The Rolling stock must be modernized and new. Higher capacity locomotives inducted. Average speeds must be significantly increased etc. Discuss and list down some of the efforts of the government aimed at resolving these problems.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note and highlight the significance of railways as a critical transport infrastructure.

 

Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, And Railways etc.

5. Discuss the objectives of the  National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020, and the focus areas of FAME India Scheme.(250 words)

Reference:  dhi.nic.in 

Why this question:

The question is based on the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020.

Key demand of the question:

One must evaluate the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020, its objectives and the focus areas of FAME India scheme in detail.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 is a National Mission document providing the vision and the roadmap for the faster adoption of electric vehicles and their manufacturing in the country.

Body:

Explain the key features, objectives of the NEMMP 2020. Highlight the advantages and disadvantages. Talk about the FAME Scheme –The target is to achieve sales of 6 – 7 million in the hybrid and electric vehicles sector from 2020. The government will provide fiscal and monetary incentives for this industry. The expectation is that crude oil worth Rs.62000 crore will be saved due to this.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6. What are the relevant aspects for analyzing controversial issues? Should civil servants be guided by personal convictions or dominant ideologies or laws and court decisions? Explain.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by G Subba Rao and P. N. Roy Chowdhury

Why this question:

The question is based on the aspects of analyzing controversial issues as an administrator/civil servant.

Key demand of the question:

The question is about how as an administrator one should ideally analyse the controversial issues, one has to examine the role of personal conviction, dominant ideologies, decisions of courts etc. in deciding the issues that are controversial.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the aspects of any controversies that arise in front of a civil servant.

Body:

To start with, explain the aspects  that a civil servant should consider to resolve any burning issue:

Facts and issues involved

  • Relevant theories bearing on it
  • Stands which main ideologies take on the issue
  • Supreme court/High court decisions, if any, on it
  • Government’s stand on the issue.

Explain that civil servants should think logically and objectively about issues Without succumbing to momentary passions or herd mentality or group think. Nor should they see such controversies as opportunities for airing unfounded personal opinions or slogan shouting.

Conclusion:

Conclude with your opinion about methods that are ideal and rationale in dealing with controversies.

 

Topic:  strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What are the tenets of international morality enumerated in the UN Charter? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by G Subba Rao and P. N. Roy Chowdhury

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of “International Morality”.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the tenets of international morality enumerated in the UN Charter in detail.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what you understand by international morality.

Body:

Discuss first that International Morality consists of moral principles which are endorsed by a number of nations. The rules of customary International Law reflect International Morality. International Morality acts as a factor or limitation of international relations. It acts as a limitation on National Power. But at the same time it can enable a nation to project and justify its policies as policies based on moral principles. As such, it is essential for us to examine the nature of International Morality in international relations. List down the tenets of international morality enumerated in the UN Charter in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance.