Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.
Long-term monitoring of tigers, co-predators and prey species in TATR
What to study?
For Prelims: Tadoba Andhari tiger Reserve- location, significance and threats.
For Mains: Need for Conservation of biodiversity, challenges and ways to address them.
Context: A new prey and predator estimation in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) in Chandrapur district has found the presence of 115 tigers and 151 leopards inside the 1,727 sq km of the core and buffer areas of the reserve in 2019.
The estimation was done as part of the ‘Long-term monitoring of tigers, co-predators and prey species in TATR’.
Although the tiger numbers appear to be up as compared to 2018, the population density shows a decline from 5.51 to 5.23 per 100 sq km. This is because of coverage of more area this year.
The overall tiger count in Chandrapur district alone is more than 200, which is about two-third of the total number of tigers in the state.
It is Maharashtra’s oldest and largest national park.
Created in 1995, the Reserve includes the Tadoba National Park and the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary.
Tadoba” is taken from the name of the god “Tadoba” or “Taru”, worshipped by the tribes who live in the dense forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region, while “Andhari” refers to the Andhari river that meanders through the forest.
Tadoba reserve covers the Chimur Hills, and the Andhari sanctuary covers the Moharli and Kolsa ranges.
Sources: Indian Express.