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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 May 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Nehru-Liaquat pact is not only a landmark agreement in the history of modern India, but also a legacy of frameworks of international relations of the past. Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The article talks about the importance of Nehru-Liaquat pact as a landmark agreement in the past and the way it has its inheritance in the frameworks of international relations.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of Nehru-Liaquat pact in the modern Indian history and its importance with respect to the framework of International relations.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short talk about the coming of Nehru-Liaquat pact in place.

Body:

To start with, explain that the plan was signed between the then prime minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru and his counterpart from Pakistan. It was signed Just after Independence of India in 1950. It was signed in the background of the communal partition of India and Pakistan. List down the key provisions of the pact. Discuss the points in favor and against the provisions of the pact. Explain in what way it laid the foundation and inherited from the framework of international relations of those times.

Conclusion:

Nehru-Liaquat pact defines the Indo-Pakistani relationship as one that could be negotiated in inherited frameworks of international relations based on the paramount capacity of the nation state.

 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. The culture of permissiveness with respect to violence against women continues to be the root cause for the Indian society to have a “Locker Room At every Home”, critically analyse the statement. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent uproar against the Bois locker room incident that was witnessed on the social platform of Instagram.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to examine the inherent flaws in our Indian society with special attention towards the “Culture of permissiveness” and in what way it is leading to growing violence against women.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the recent incident to highlight the context of the question.

Body:

To start with, discuss what the major factors that foster sexual violence against women in the country are; explain the factors with special emphasis on the cultural aspects of the Indian society. Highlight in what way conversations on sexual violence need to acknowledge the root of the problem. Explain how there is a “locker room” within in each individual, family and the society at large. Suggest solutions to address such issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the key problems associated with violence against women at the societal level.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. Account for the impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question aims to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the world.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to examine the impact of the pandemic on the SDGs.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain that besides having a devastating effect on Global Health, the COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected almost all the SDGs.

Body:

To start with, explain briefly the SDGs and map the concerns posed by the pandemic that range from – health that has a significant place in the 2030 agenda (via SDGs) to education to climate change. Explain that in order to contain the pandemic, various countries have gone for lockdown affecting economic activity. Though everybody is feeling the pinch of a tottered economic activity, the people from lower socio-economic strata are finding it very hard and unaffordable. As the situation is today, hunger, unemployment and inequality stand exacerbated. Children and youth are getting deprived of quality education due to the closure of schools and colleges. The reports of domestic violence against women are on the rise. Suggest what needs to be done. Discuss the case of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that to summarize, human health is inextricably linked to environment, ecosystems and biodiversity which in no case be allowed to get spoiled. It has become all the more imperative that in order to achieve SDGs, a population growth which is sustainable and which goes well with our environment, biodiversity and ecosystems be determined and defined.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

4. Do you think the current pandemic poses the right opportunity to put India’s agri-marketing and PDS system on a more efficient path? Examine.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The author Ashok Gulati brings to us a detailed overview of the opportunity that the current pandemic has brought to the PDS system of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the opportunities that the COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the PDS system and India’s agri marketing system and what needs to be done to encash the same.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the existing structure of Indian agri markets and the PDS system.

Body:

To start with, highlight the fact that despite initial disruptions in supply lines, India has somehow managed to feed its large population of 1.37 billion. There have been no large-scale food riots and no major flaring up of food prices for consumers. Talk about the large scale reforms in agri-marketing as well as in the public distribution system (PDS) that are required. Take hints from the article and explain the dos and don’ts. Highlight the significance of the opportunity that India has right now in this sector and what Indian policy makers should actually do.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5. Analyze in detail the provisions for the agricultural sector under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan that was launched recently.(250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times 

Why this question:

The third tranche of the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has listed measures to deal with critical infrastructure gaps and long-pending governance issues that plague the farm sector. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straight forward and aims to assess the benefits that the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan would render to the agriculture sector in the country.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the coming of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan into action.

Body:

To start with, explain the provisions given by the finance minister to the agri sector in the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. Straight away discuss the provisions made for the agri sector in the tranch. Explain the benefits that it would render and how it would help the sector become self-reliant. Point out to challenges if any while suggesting solutions to the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Codes of Ethics

6. Give some examples to illustrate violations of Codes of Ethics.(250 words)

Reference:  Second Administrative reforms Commission Ethics in Governance (Fourth Report)

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of codes of ethics.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the importance of codes of ethics in general and illustrate one example that depicts violation of codes of ethics.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what you understand by codes of ethics.

Body:

The question is based on giving illustrations and may vary from student to student. One is expected to quote relevant examples that portray the violations of codes of ethics. Using suitable illustration discuss how often the codes of ethic are violated and in what way they need to be resolved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to recognize the importance of codes of ethics.

 

Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7. What are the elements which influence an individual’s political attitude? What weight will you assign to economic and psychological factors? Discuss.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is about ascertaining the factors that contribute to one’s political attitude. And one has to pay special emphasis on the economic and psychological factors.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the elements which influence an individual’s political attitude with special emphasis on economic and psychological factors. And conclude with how much weight you would give to these two factors.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what you understand by political attitudes.

Body:

Explain various factors that shape political attitude of an individual. Political attitudes are best understood based on the idea of political spectrum. Political spectrum is depiction of radical, liberal, moderate, conservative and reactionary views from left to right along a line. Discuss all factors in detail. Explain the effect of economic and psychological factors and suggest your opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.