Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
1. Several States across India are ignoring the welfare laws for workers in the name of boosting economic activity, What are the issues with such changes in the laws? Elucidate.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
With the need for revival of business and economic activity after weeks of forced closure, interests of laborers and workers are being sacrificed. Several States across India are ignoring the welfare laws for workers in the name of boosting economic activity. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the effect of change in labor laws being made by several States in the country and their ill impact on the welfare of them, discuss the issues associated and suggest solutions.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly narrate the issue at hand.
To start with, explain the actions taken by different states; Uttar Pradesh, last week, introduced an ordinance that has scrapped most labour laws for three years — ostensibly for creating jobs and for attracting factories exiting China following the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat have quickly followed suit. Punjab has already allowed 12-hour shifts per day (72 hours per week) in factories without overtime payment to overcome worker shortage after the migrants have left in the wake of the national lockdown. Then move on to discuss the concerns associated with it in detail. Suggest what can be done to address those concerns.
Conclude with way forward.