Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 May 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. Several States across India are ignoring the welfare laws for workers in the name of boosting economic activity, What are the issues with such changes in the laws? Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

With the need for revival of business and economic activity after weeks of forced closure, interests of laborers and workers are being sacrificed. Several States across India are ignoring the welfare laws for workers in the name of boosting economic activity. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the effect of change in labor laws being made by several States in the country and their ill impact on the welfare of them, discuss the issues associated and suggest solutions.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the issue at hand.

Body:

To start with, explain the actions taken by different states;  Uttar Pradesh, last week, introduced an ordinance that has scrapped most labour laws for three years — ostensibly for creating jobs and for attracting factories exiting China following the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat have quickly followed suit. Punjab has already allowed 12-hour shifts per day (72 hours per week) in factories without overtime payment to overcome worker shortage after the migrants have left in the wake of the national lockdown. Then move on to discuss the concerns associated with it in detail. Suggest what can be done to address those concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. In the times of COVID pandemic, should the right to bail be made a part of an under trial’s right to life? Analyse the statement in the context of crowded Indian prisons and the challenges they are facing in the current times.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The question is amidst the issues facing the prisons and their ill-management in the country owing to the effects of COVID spread.

Key demand of the question:

One has to examine whether right to bail be made a part of an under trial’s right to life to resolve the issues that are getting aggravated due to prison crowding.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain that thousands of new inmates enter prisons across India every week, apart from prison officials who come and go each day. Such entrants, together, pose the gravest risk of spreading Covid-19 to the static prison population.

Body:

To start with, quote some data such as – Indian prison inmates fall essentially in two categories – those convicted of offences and serving a sentence, and the presumptively innocent who bide their time awaiting trial. India’s largest such prison is Delhi’s infamous Tihar, which houses an astounding 17,500 such ‘under trials’. Explain in the situations like COVID why does it become important to make right to bail be made a part of an under trial’s right to life. Present arguments for and against the topic.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. “It’s not trade reliance that makes Indian economy susceptible but lack of its human capital”, Do you agree with the statement? Give reasons in support of your arguments. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express 

Why this question:

The question is based on the article that hints on focusing upon the human capital to make the Indian economy more susceptible.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of human capital and highlight how trade dependence is not the major contributor for the Indian economy but human capital is.

Directive:

Give Reasons – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the importance of trade and human capital to the economy in general.

Body:

To start with, explain the fact that for India to be truly self-reliant and self-confident, public investment in education, human capability and research and development has to increase. Discuss the policy measures taken by the govt. to make Indian economy self-reliant. Highlight other aspects that are necessary for the growth of the economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude that human capability and research and development have to increase. It is not trade dependence that makes India vulnerable but the inadequacy of its human capital.

 

Topic:  Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

4. Examine the Potential and challenges of Pink Revolution in India.(250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu 

Why this question:

The question is based on the static theme of “Food processing and related industries in India” and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to examine the potential and challenges of Pink revolution.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by Pink revolution.

Body:

Pink Revolution is a term used to denote the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector. Meat and poultry processing sector in the country has great potentials for growth. The present meat consumption per capita of around 6 grams per day will improve to 50 grams a day in the next decade or so. When such phenomenal increase in meat consumption occurs, the sector will witness a tremendous growth. Despite India’s large livestock  Population, India accounts only around 2 percent of global market. Challenges include creating standard policies for meat production and export, standardizing the quality and safety aspects of meat and poultry, and creating infrastructure facilities for modern slaughter houses, meat testing facilities and cold storages for the growth of the meat and poultry processing sector.

 Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

5. Discuss the Scope and Significance of Food Processing Industries in India. (250 words)

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the Scope and Significance of Food Processing Industries in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The food processing industry in India is increasingly seen as a potential source for driving the rural economy as it brings about synergy between the consumer, industry and the farmer.

Body:

To start with, explain the importance of food processing industry. Food processing activity is still at a nascent stage in India with low penetration. List down the importance of food processing industry  – Holds the potential of reducing enormous wastage of agricultural produce in the absence of processing technologies and cold chain facility, is labour-intensive industry, lead to increase in farm income etc. Discuss the conditions favorable for food processing. Highlight the importance of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of it to Indian economy.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6. Distinguish between bureaucratic attitude and the democratic Attitude exhibited by public servants towards their work and list down their merits and demerits.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of “attitude” and its importance in public administration.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what you understand by the two – bureaucratic attitude and the democratic Attitude exhibited by public servants towards their work and list down their merits and demerits.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the importance of attitude in general.

Body:

To start with, explain that Bureaucratic attitudes reflect hierarchical discipline, implicit obedience to orders, top down instructions, and rule bound approaches. On the other hand Democratic attitude rests on participatory, humanistic and flexible approaches and on bottom-up decision-making. List down the merits of each and demerits associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the two in public administration.

 

Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. How do the virtues of trustworthiness and fortitude get manifested in public service? Deliberate. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of virtues of trustworthiness and fortitude and their relevance in public service.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way the virtues of trustworthiness and fortitude get manifested in public service.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the virtues of trust and fortitude first. Just complying with law means playing by the rule book and working mechanically showing no human sympathies or concerns.

Body:

To start with, one can give examples. Explain that trustworthiness is to win confidence of your subordinate/colleague/friend while fetching some purpose. Fortitude is ability to guide or tell your subordinate/colleague/friend the right path in spite of the fact that this will hurt them mentally and emotionally. But both qualities are sin quo non for public service. Highlight their significance in public services.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.